CYBERBULLYING AND CYBERVICTIMIZATION IN PRIMARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION IN MURCIA

School violence has always been present in schools daily life. However, the impact of these behaviours has increased dangerously in the latest years going beyond school’s wall. The aggressiveness towards the unprotected victim, which scholars show, can be due to biological, personal and social factors or can be the sign of violence learned from our actual society.

The massive and widespread use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) by students set cyberspace like the perfect location to bully others with impunity and being unnoticed by the eyes of adults. New technologies with their several applications on mobile phones and Internet, allow children and teenagers exert violence to a victim. This new form of bullying known as cyberbullying, proposes both new challenges of research and educative intervention in order to prevent its impact and devastating consequences in the life of students involved.

Taking into consideration the scarcity of studies in our region, our research looks into at cyberbullying’s features in depth. We have focused our study on students of primary and secondary education in Murcia according to: reasons for which cyberbullies justify their behaviours, technologies used, sex of students involved and victim reactions in view of ciberbullying. Results obtained confirm the presence of cyberbullies and cybervictims at schools and the urgent need to research into this phenomenon because of the educational implications demanded in values and the need to create schools that consider the need demanded by all students.