THE GAME AS A TOOL FOR IMPROVING SELF-ESTEEM IN CHILDREN WITH CANCER
Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha (SPAIN)
About this paper:
Conference name: 12th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 5-7 March, 2018
Location: Valencia, Spain
Abstract:When the cancer appears in the child's life, the psychosocial aspects that are affected, in different media, are mainly related to the family and the school. Due to his childhood condition, the desire to perform activities typical of his stage, such as the game, prevails. Considering the relevant role of the school and the teaching staff in the course of the disease, we have analyzed the teaching staff in the educational treatment of these children in two types of schools, the concerted and the public.
Through a descriptive analysis through the use of measures of central tendency, measures of dispersion and means of position of the scores that teachers have obtained in each of the educational centers and students in each of the dimensions, analyzing the level of self-esteem in children diagnosed with cancer (n = 20), as well as the resources they have to improve or maintain it, both at home and at school through the game.
We have been able to determine how the school, the family, the teachers and their peers help in the construction of self-esteem. And as the gender variable is not determinant for the evolution of the disease. The results suggest that self-esteem plays a key role in the psychological adaptation of the child to the disease, and how the situation that surrounds him and how he deals with it affects self-esteem. When comparing the two types of centers analyzed, only differences appear in the treatment of emotional education during the teaching and learning process.
Keywords: Child cancer, self-esteem, game, resilience, teacher.