APPLICATION OF 2D AND 3D MODELS FOR TEACHING OF NATURAL SCIENCES

A series of educational resources on 2D and 3D formats are described in this contribution, both applicable to the teaching of subjects related to biology and geology and for research in these areas.
The 3D models were generated by three systems: the use of a 3D scanner, 3D photography and digital video camera, and 3D SketchUp and 3D MAX programs that produce images and videos in several formats.
3D Scanned Objects comes from some collections of the University Complutense of Madrid, which are not well known but have great educational value.
Three-dimensional models are shown through the website of the institution like as a virtual museum.
We have chosen objects in the Museum of Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates (MACV), Faculty of Biology and the collection of ceramic crystallographic models Romé Jean Baptiste L'Isle (s XVIII), composed of 312 pieces belonging to the Department of Crystallography and Mineralogy at the Faculty of Geology.
On the other hand, 2D scanning is the collection of intaglio (1363 images, printed in sheets of zinc) used to illustrate various publications on geology.
The images were displayed using an application that lets you view images in high resolution.
Biological and geological models have been developed by 3D design software; freely accessible for free via the website of the university.
In the same way, 3D educational videos can be viewed on a base of 3D digital images.