About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 3462-3471
Publication year: 2018
ISBN: 978-84-697-9480-7
ISSN: 2340-1079
doi: 10.21125/inted.2018.0666

Conference name: 12th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 5-7 March, 2018
Location: Valencia, Spain

ENHANCED STATISTICAL THINKING IN SECONDARY SCHOOL WITH PYTHON PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE: A REALISTIC MATHEMATICS EDUCATION APPROACH

M.G. Frassia

University of Calabria (ITALY)
Gal (2002) says that the ability to interpret, critically evaluate and communicate about statistical information and messages is essential in our technological society. In fact, many newspapers present graphs or data on the front page, but research in statistics education shows that graphs are difficult to interpret for most people (Ainley, 2000); more and more large companies have a policy of teaching almost all employees about how statistical information is used. In the school of the third millennium, teaching statistical data analysis is essential for the future citizens because it promotes opportunities to use mathematics in modelling problem situations. Moreover, technology has revolutionised the applications of statistics and, likewise, statistics education. With educational software designed to support the learning of statistics, data analysis is no longer the exclusive domain of statisticians (Ben-Zvi, Bakker & Makar, 2013). In particular, computer programming exposes students to computational thinking, which involves problem-solving using computer science concepts like abstraction and decomposition, and it is applicable and useful in their daily lives (Lye & Koh, 2014). In fact, computer programming is considered an important competence for the development of higher-order thinking in addition to algorithmic problem-solving skills. Its horizontal integration throughout all educational levels is considered worthwhile and attracts the attention of researchers.

Moving in this direction, this paper presents a didactical proposal concerning statistical thinking using Python programming language. The students’ activities are inspired by the framework of Realistic Mathematics Education (RME), founded on the work of Hans Freudenthal (1973): RME places an emphasis on making mathematics education a relatable and usable experience for students.

The designed teaching setting based on RME and use of programming enables students to practice their critical thinking as well as their problem-solving, creativity and collaboration skills (Prensky, M., 2001; Caine, Renate M. and Geoffrey, 2011).
@InProceedings{FRASSIA2018ENH,
author = {Frassia, M.G.},
title = {ENHANCED STATISTICAL THINKING IN SECONDARY SCHOOL WITH PYTHON PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE: A REALISTIC MATHEMATICS EDUCATION APPROACH},
series = {12th International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2018 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-697-9480-7},
issn = {2340-1079},
doi = {10.21125/inted.2018.0666},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/inted.2018.0666},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {5-7 March, 2018},
year = {2018},
pages = {3462-3471}}
TY - CONF
AU - M.G. Frassia
TI - ENHANCED STATISTICAL THINKING IN SECONDARY SCHOOL WITH PYTHON PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE: A REALISTIC MATHEMATICS EDUCATION APPROACH
SN - 978-84-697-9480-7/2340-1079
DO - 10.21125/inted.2018.0666
PY - 2018
Y1 - 5-7 March, 2018
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 12th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2018 Proceedings
SP - 3462
EP - 3471
ER -
M.G. Frassia (2018) ENHANCED STATISTICAL THINKING IN SECONDARY SCHOOL WITH PYTHON PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE: A REALISTIC MATHEMATICS EDUCATION APPROACH, INTED2018 Proceedings, pp. 3462-3471.
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