About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 4266-4272
Publication year: 2014
ISBN: 978-84-616-8412-0
ISSN: 2340-1079

Conference name: 8th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 10-12 March, 2014
Location: Valencia, Spain

EVALUATING SPATIAL AND SOCIAL INEQUALITY BY USING GIS TO ANALYZE THE CATCHMENT AREA AND CAPACITY OF PRESCHOOLS IN GHENT, BELGIUM

K. Fransen1, N. Verrecas1, M. Ryckewaert2, P. De Maeyer1, G. Deruyter1

1University of Ghent (BELGIUM)
2Vrije Universiteit Brussel/KU Leuven (BELGIUM)
The growing popularity of the city as a qualitative living environment has an explicit and distinct impact on all regional cities in Flanders (Belgium). As a result of the pressure exerted by the increase in population, different kinds of spatial and social inequality can be perceived for multiple urban functions, for example for the educational system. Pupils of primary schools (in Flanders children between the age of 2.5 and 12 years) living in densely populated areas characterised by a capacity shortage in education are forced to attend schools at greater distances, because the capacity of nearby schools is exceeded. As a consequence, parents setting up camp in front of the school gates during enrolment periods are an annually recurring phenomenon. Methods pinpointing areas where problems concerning capacity are to be expected are missing.

The research at hand used two different methods (short-term and long-term) to analyse the pressure exerted on preschools as a result of the growing urban population. The first analysis researched the change in capacity needs of preschools taking into account the rise of the number of children between the ages of 2 and 5 years to be expected over the next two years. The second analysis predicted the impact of urban growth on the accessibility to preschools. Instead of prognoses in overall population growth, the supply of new housing units from 2013 till 2025 was used to predict the rise in the number of children between the ages of 2.5 and 5.5 years for the next decade.

Both analyses were validated for pre-schools in the city of Ghent, Flemish Region, Belgium and proved to be valuable tools to support local policy in education. The results indicated areas with considerable capacity and accessibility problems, on the short term as well as on the long term.
@InProceedings{FRANSEN2014EVA,
author = {Fransen, K. and Verrecas, N. and Ryckewaert, M. and De Maeyer, P. and Deruyter, G.},
title = {EVALUATING SPATIAL AND SOCIAL INEQUALITY BY USING GIS TO ANALYZE THE CATCHMENT AREA AND CAPACITY OF PRESCHOOLS IN GHENT, BELGIUM},
series = {8th International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2014 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-616-8412-0},
issn = {2340-1079},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {10-12 March, 2014},
year = {2014},
pages = {4266-4272}}
TY - CONF
AU - K. Fransen AU - N. Verrecas AU - M. Ryckewaert AU - P. De Maeyer AU - G. Deruyter
TI - EVALUATING SPATIAL AND SOCIAL INEQUALITY BY USING GIS TO ANALYZE THE CATCHMENT AREA AND CAPACITY OF PRESCHOOLS IN GHENT, BELGIUM
SN - 978-84-616-8412-0/2340-1079
PY - 2014
Y1 - 10-12 March, 2014
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 8th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2014 Proceedings
SP - 4266
EP - 4272
ER -
K. Fransen, N. Verrecas, M. Ryckewaert, P. De Maeyer, G. Deruyter (2014) EVALUATING SPATIAL AND SOCIAL INEQUALITY BY USING GIS TO ANALYZE THE CATCHMENT AREA AND CAPACITY OF PRESCHOOLS IN GHENT, BELGIUM, INTED2014 Proceedings, pp. 4266-4272.
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