TPACK INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN MODEL IN VIRTUAL REALITY FOR DEEPER LEARNING IN SCIENCE AND HIGHER EDUCATION: FROM “APATHY” TO “EMPATHY”
1 University of Patras (GREECE)
2 Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra (SLOVAKIA)
3 Palestine Polytechnic University (PALESTINIAN TERRITORY)
4 Al-Quds Open University (PALESTINIAN TERRITORY)
5 Al-Istiqlal University (PALESTINIAN TERRITORY)
6 Arab American University (PALESTINIAN TERRITORY)
About this paper:
Conference name: 12th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
Dates: 6-7 July, 2020
Location: Online Conference
Abstract:The theory of deeper learning is associated with increased retention, intrinsic motivation, the durability of knowledge and a solid understanding of the underlying principles of studied phenomena. Deeper learning advocates learning beyond rote content knowledge accumulation using student-centred instructional strategies such as case-based learning, simulations, collaborative learning, self-directive learning and learning for transfer. Science education in Higher Education is crucial for the social, scientific and economic progress of both advanced and developing countries. Desktop Virtual Reality is a technological medium that can be utilized to facilitate deep learning instructional strategies in science education. Desktop Virtual Reality features pervasive, computer-generated 3D virtual immersive environments where users interact through digital agents or avatars.
In this paper, we explore if three learning scenarios from the fields of Biology, Earth Sciences (Geology) and Physics are updating the traditional transfer of knowledge. Passive, teacher-centred approaches often cause a sentiment of “apathy” to students while interactive student-centred approaches for deeper learning in Virtual Reality environments evoke feelings of “empathy”. More specific, using content analysis, we inquire to what extend does the T-PACK Instructional Design Model in Virtual Reality support deeper learning. Results indicate that academic teachers were able to enrich their teaching paradigm by integrating learning activities in virtual reality that evoke students’ interest, motivation and autonomy. Moreover, and after discussing the research results, we propose a list of the most emerging characteristics that VR instructional designers need to take in consideration to promote synchronous learning. The T-Pack Educational Scenarios were developed in Palestinian Higher Education Institutes (HEIs) in the context of the capacity building Erasmus+ KA2 project “Virtual Reality as an Innovative and Immersive Tool for HEIs in Palestine (TESLA)”.
Keywords: Virtual learning, deeper learning, instructional design, science education, STEM, higher education.