A. Ferreira do Norte Filho1, N.N. Batista de Oliveira Norte2

1Universidade Nilton Lins (BRAZIL)
2Universidade do Estado do Amazonas (BRAZIL)
Much has been said about the qualifications of teachers and principals in public schools, assigning them the problems for which the primary and secondary education have been enduring. On the other hand, give teachers and principals the best private schools level of training and updating.

Although the media and, often, the population itself disclose these facts as true, the data does not lead us to these conclusions, as published in the book "Education: Caring and Work" (1999/2000). The data we will present, once again, show that the training of teachers and principals is higher than formally required and that other factors such as experience, interfere in the teaching-learning process. Education has suffered since then, a series of changes that emerges from the Vargas period to the modern times.

Being competent teacher is being committed to teaching and your student helping him to be a capable and dutiful citizen of his duty. It is one that seeks ways to make learning more enjoyable and focused on student interest lecture using various resources to improve their performance in the classroom. It's the one keeping informed and empowered.

Educational policies have been a factor that has discouraged many teachers, the crisis passes the school is the result of the indifference of the rulers. Working conditions that teachers have is unsatisfactory that reaches even students. It is the lack of professional preparation that Brazilian educator who is missing so that it carries more pleasure the more he can do: educating for citizenship.

Both agents of capital and workers are demanding a high level of education, although each segment postulates a school in its own way with its own criteria of educational quality. The teachers face these new realities and complexity of knowledge presently involved in professional training, needs further theoretical training, operational capacity requirements of the profession and the essential correction in wages, working conditions and professional practice.

In this sense, to this paper focuses on competent teacher committed to teaching. It is necessary, therefore, we review the history of education, ranging from Vargas to the New Era of Education, which very attached Citizenship, education and the world of work, conceptions of vocational education, social inequalities and a brief commentary on the New Law of Guidelines and Bases of Education, noting that no changes nor pedagogical proposals without such professional who is almost forgotten: the teachers and their profession.