“INCLUSIVE CAMPUS, CAMPUS WITHOUT LIMITS”. SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH WORKSHOP
A group of ten pre-university students with disabilities or special educational needs from different parts of the country spent a week at the University of Castilla-La Mancha (UCLM), where they had the opportunity to know the university experience first-hand. They were part of the 'Inclusive Campus, Campus without limits' project, a program launched by the ONCE Foundation, the Repsol Foundation and the spanish Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports, which in this edition involves nine universities, included UCLM through its Support Service for Students with Disabilities. The main objective was to avoid the early abandonment of these students and encourage them to continue with higher education, in order to facilitate their access to qualified and quality employment in the future.
Specifically, in the Faculty of Pharmacy of UCLM, it was designed an activity of academic dissemination as a workshop on sexual and reproductive health. It was a health promotion activity that may be of interest to adolescents using health education as a tool. An important public health problem in adolescents is unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, and the use of contraceptive methods can serve as a solution for both. While many of these methods are known to adolescents, most do not use them due to lack of adequate information. The pharmacist is a healthcare professional in whom the patient relies to a large extent, so we must take advantage of this fact to disclose good practices and habits in terms of health.
Our objectives were:
a) Inform about the different contraceptive methods,
b) conduct correct advice and guidance in the field of sexual health through practical cases of role-playing in the simulated classroom,
c) promote training in communication techniques and social skills, problem solving and decision making.
The participating students were students with disabilities, at risk of social exclusion or with educational support needs, aged between 15 and 17 years with motivation for the study. At all times they were accompanied by monitors and had the necessary adaptations to their needs. The workshop began with a brief informative talk in which there were exposed a series of previous knowledge in sexual health in general and contraceptive methods, in particular exposing the guides currently published and recognized by official organizations. Thus, the workshop was carried out in the simulated pharmacy classroom which is a teaching tool that consists of a classroom that simulates a pharmacy office where students can be trained in the community pharmacy practice and can learn certain actions, skills and habits that must subsequently be applied in real life with equal effectiveness. In this environment, we worked with the participating students with the help of two volunteer students of the Pharmacy Degree, supervised by teachers of Reproductive Health, Public Health and Pharmaceutical Care subjects.
Pharmacy students made a presentation of the different contraceptive methods using role-playing techniques in the different areas of the simulated classroom, involving the students of the `Inclusive Campus, campus without limits. Thus, the participating students acquired the role of patients and the volunteer students, in the role of pharmacists, simulated the appropriate pharmaceutical advice in each case study. The project made it possible to detect problems in terms of disability, act and improve in equal opportunities and inclusion.