THE IMPACT OF TRAINING PROBLEM-SOLVING SKILLS ON IMPROVING SELF-ESTEEM AND REDUCING ANXIETY
1 Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch (IRAN)
2 Allame Tabatabaii University (IRAN)
About this paper:
Appears in: INTED2011 Proceedings
Publication year: 2011
Conference name: 5th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 7-9 March, 2011
Location: Valencia, Spain
Abstract:The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of training problem-solving skills on increasing self-esteem and decreasing stress among female university students. The population of the study consisted of all the female students who were studying humanities in Islamic Azad University (IAU) Roudehen branch in the academic year of 2007-2008. Out of them, fifty students were randomly selected. The instruments of the research were a questionnaire and a test. To measure self-esteem, Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory Test (SEI) and to measure stress, Cattell’s Stress Coping Questionnaire were administered. They were administered to the students in both experimental and contrast groups before and after the instruction as pretest and posttest. Just after the pretest, problem-solving skills were taught to the experimental group for thirteen sessions and then both groups sat for the posttest. The results of ANCOVA indicate that problem-solving skills training is effective in increasing self-esteem among female students of Islamic Azad University Roudehen Branch. The findings also show that training problem-solving skills can significantly reduce the stress among those students.
Keywords: Problem-solving skills, self-esteem, stress.