H. Eskandary, F. Mofidi, K. Bozorgy

Allame Tabatabaii University (IRAN)
The aim of this study is to investigate the formation of the concept of lie in children aged 4-12. According to the subject, 80 elementary school student were selected. The sample included 20 students aged 5, 20 students aged 7, 20 students aged 9, and 20 students aged 11 and were contributed to gender groups equally. These children were interviewed by Piaget approach about lie. The result driven from K-square crosstabs showed that as Piaget mentioned, by getting older in children, the reasoning processes are changed, subjective responsibility turns to objective, and moral forces become more internal. However, the factor which makes the concept of lie complicated in children is affected by child and adult interaction in a cultural context and the experiences child achieves. Considering children responses processes in a practical situation consisting of dictation and painting exams in which children were free to manipulate the exams, showed that the child understanding of lie doesn’t determine his lying behavior and in practical situations, the behavior is the result of complex interaction between need, ability, and cognition. Thus, the more situation involving motivation, the more individual’s function get complex and erratic. The results indicated that there was a differentiation between the two exams. In situation one, ascending completion of reasoning was observed and in second one, descending procedure of actions was obvious. The probable cause of such distinction was the need and motivation which were present just in situation two. Therefore, according to post-positivism philosophy , it can be said that the gap between social and individual self and the opposition between social and individual needs, make person go after the equilibrium and the words are the best mean to achieve that. By getting older, children can realize others perspective, their social and individual needs get more conflicted, the gap between social and individual self get wider, and lying is more likely. Considering these findings, we suggest that teacher
keywords: lie, child.