REVIEW OF WEB RESOURCES FOR THE PREVENTION AND INTERVENTION OF CYBERBULLYING
The current society is led by Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and the knowledge and use of them, is part of the learning and development of the children. However, their use of ICT will determine whether they are tools that facilitate learning or become a means of harm or harassment. In this sense, cyberbullying has been defined as the intentional and repeated damage inflicted by a minor or a group of children to another minor through the use of digital means.
Empirical studies have pointed out that cyberbullying is a phenomenon that has increased considerably in the last decade, which has a high prevalence and numerous negative consequences for all those involved in the harassment (victim, bully, bystander and bully-victim). Since cyberbullying study began, multiple programs have been designed to detect their occurrence and to treat their effects, as well as digital platforms with information and preventive resources. However, due to the magnitude of web pages on cyberbullying, it is complicated to select those of greater relevance and reliability, being scarce the dissemination of these preventive strategies.
This study provides a detailed review of the resources and web platforms, both national and international, available today. The search was developed through the documentary review of articles, theses, book chapters, review studies and papers presented at conferences, available in databases such as Scopus, Scielo, Proquest, Web of Science or Google Scholar.
Thus, at the national level, there are websites such as www.ciberbullying.com where, in addition to offering up-to-date news, it provides a guide for action, advice, prevention material and other resources that allow cyber-bullying prevention and intervention to work. Along de same lines, http://heroesantibullying.wordpress.com is a blog founded by victims, which offers users anti-bullying answers, keys to being happy, etc., run by people who have experienced it first-hand. Other websites such as http://sites.google.com/site/ciberconvive, www.educalab.es, www.escuela20.com, among others, provide information on the phenomenon, as well as information on how to navigate safely.
At the international level, there are also platforms for the fight against cyberbullying. As a result of the work of the Cyberbullying Research Center, in www.cyberbullying.org you can find a multitude of materials, research, documents, etc., that bring us closer to the phenomenon. In addition, www.enticonfio.org, offers useful information for students, teachers, and families from Colombia. Other websites, such as www.cyberbully411.com, www.wiredsfety.org, www.stopcyberbullying.org, etc., are also cited.
The dissemination of preventive resources from the web pages will provide the population with information on the characteristics of cyberbullying, how to detect it from homes and schools, strategies for action for victims, as well as all necessary information about the measures of security and privacy available in different social networks.