About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 1391-1400
Publication year: 2011
ISBN: 978-84-614-7423-3
ISSN: 2340-1079

Conference name: 5th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 7-9 March, 2011
Location: Valencia, Spain

PLURILINGUALISM: WHAT IS KNOWN AND WHAT IS STILL TO BE KNOWN

S. Eleuch

Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières (CANADA)
The rapidly changing demographic composition of European (e.g. Cenoz & Jessner, 2000; Lasagabaster & Huguet, 2007), Canadian (e.g. Hoffman & Ytsma, 2004) and American (e.g. De Bot & Makoni, 2005; Edwards, 2010) societies poses an increasing challenge not only for policy makers but also for teachers who are finding larger and larger numbers of students from various ethnolinguistic and racial backgrounds in their classrooms. Societies in general and school systems in particular are beginning to understand the need to better understand the phenomenon of plurilingualism. This better understanding will help a better teaching, an efficient use of linguistic resources and a linguistically and culturally rich society.
In this contribution that lies within a psycholinguistic framework, I will first define the concepts of plurilingualism and multilingualism. Second, relying on seven psychological dimensions, namely age, cognitive organization, language proficiency, presence of target language community, language status, group membership and cultural identity (Hamers & Blanc, 2000) and on empirical research in the field of plurilingualism (e.g. Dewaele, 2004; Kim, Relkin, Kyoung-Min, & Hirsch, 1997; Wattendorf, et al., 2001) I will put forward types of plurilingualism. While some of these types have been demonstrated empirically, some others still need validation.
With this typology of plurilingualism, I will emphasize the value of seeing plurilingualism holistically and seeing the multilingual speaker as a complex psycholinguistic system. The different types of plurilingualism I will present in this paper set the scene for future interdisciplinary studies on plurilingualism. Paths for future research should be of interest to graduate students, teachers and researchers working in the fields of second language acquisition, third language acquisition, multilingualism, psycholinguistics and sociolinguistics.

References:
Cenoz, J., & Jessner, U. (Eds.). (2000). English in Europe. The acquisition of a third language. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
De Bot, K., & Makoni, S. (2005). Language and aging in multilingual contexts. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Dewaele, J.-M. (2004). Perceived language dominance and language preference for emotional speech. In M. S. Schmid, B. Köpke, M. Keijzer & L. Wilemar (Eds.), First language attrition. Interdisciplinary perspectives on methodological issues (pp. 81-104). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Edwards, J. (2010). Language diversity in the classroom. Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
Hamers, J. F., & Blanc, M. (2000). Bilinguality and bilingualism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hoffman, C., & Ytsma, J. (Eds.). (2004). Trilingualism in family, school and community. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Kim, K. H. S., Relkin, N. R., Kyoung-Min, L., & Hirsch, J. (1997). Distinct cortical areas associated with native and second languages. Nature, 388, 171-174.
Lasagabaster, D., & Huguet, A. (Eds.). (2007). Multilingualism in European bilingual contexts. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Wattendorf, E., Westermann, B., Zappatore, D., Franceschini, R., Lüdi, G., Radü, E.-W., et al. (2001). Different languages activate different subfields in Broca’s area. NeuroImage, 13(6), 624.
@InProceedings{ELEUCH2011PLU,
author = {Eleuch, S.},
title = {PLURILINGUALISM: WHAT IS KNOWN AND WHAT IS STILL TO BE KNOWN},
series = {5th International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2011 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-614-7423-3},
issn = {2340-1079},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {7-9 March, 2011},
year = {2011},
pages = {1391-1400}}
TY - CONF
AU - S. Eleuch
TI - PLURILINGUALISM: WHAT IS KNOWN AND WHAT IS STILL TO BE KNOWN
SN - 978-84-614-7423-3/2340-1079
PY - 2011
Y1 - 7-9 March, 2011
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 5th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2011 Proceedings
SP - 1391
EP - 1400
ER -
S. Eleuch (2011) PLURILINGUALISM: WHAT IS KNOWN AND WHAT IS STILL TO BE KNOWN, INTED2011 Proceedings, pp. 1391-1400.
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