About this paper

Appears in:
Page: 2081 (abstract only)
Publication year: 2012
ISBN: 978-84-615-5563-5
ISSN: 2340-1079

Conference name: 6th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 5-7 March, 2012
Location: Valencia, Spain

EVIDENCE FOR A MEMORY CONSOLIDATION PHASE IN A SELF-FEEDING ACTIVITY AMONG TODDLERS WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DELAYS

S. Dorfberger1, S. Golan2

1Gordon College of Education (ISRAEL)
2Israel Elwyn (ISRAEL)
Introduction:
Practice-dependent performance gains can be expressed after a post-training interval (delayed, consolidation-phase, gains) in young adults when learning procedural skills that involve finger-opposition that is similar to self-feeding finger-food movements.
Self-feeding of finger-food among toddlers is a significant functional developmental skill that contributes to the development of sensory-motor, cognitive, and emotional abilities. Among toddlers with developmental delays, there may be activity limitation involved in eating due to impairments in body functions or body structures, which, according to the ICF model, result in participation restriction.
In early intervention, eating is a significant part of the day’s curriculum; more than an hour is spent on eating.
We tested whether a post-training memory consolidation phase occurs in toddlers with developmental delays in a self-feeding task .

Methods:
23 participants, 2-3-year-olds toddlers with developmental delays, took part in the experiment. In the first session each participant underwent training consisting of 12 repetitions of eating a bite-size “snake” after taking it out of a small cup using a pincer-grasp. In the second session (24-hours post-training) participants were tested in 4 successive repetitions identical to the first session.

Results:
There were significant within-session gains in the trained task, but also significant delayed gains, without additional practice, which were expressed by performance at 24-hours post-training. The delayed gains constituted shortened performance times with no speed-accuracy trade-off.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate the existence of an effective consolidation phase in the training. This can be used to assist in building an intervention-plan designed for toddlers with developmental delays.
@InProceedings{DORFBERGER2012EVI,
author = {Dorfberger, S. and Golan, S.},
title = {EVIDENCE FOR A MEMORY CONSOLIDATION PHASE IN A SELF-FEEDING ACTIVITY AMONG TODDLERS WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DELAYS},
series = {6th International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2012 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-615-5563-5},
issn = {2340-1079},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {5-7 March, 2012},
year = {2012},
pages = {2081}}
TY - CONF
AU - S. Dorfberger AU - S. Golan
TI - EVIDENCE FOR A MEMORY CONSOLIDATION PHASE IN A SELF-FEEDING ACTIVITY AMONG TODDLERS WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DELAYS
SN - 978-84-615-5563-5/2340-1079
PY - 2012
Y1 - 5-7 March, 2012
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 6th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2012 Proceedings
SP - 2081
EP - 2081
ER -
S. Dorfberger, S. Golan (2012) EVIDENCE FOR A MEMORY CONSOLIDATION PHASE IN A SELF-FEEDING ACTIVITY AMONG TODDLERS WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DELAYS, INTED2012 Proceedings, p. 2081.
User:
Pass: