About this paper

Appears in:
Page: 7281 (abstract only)
Publication year: 2017
ISBN: 978-84-697-6957-7
ISSN: 2340-1095
doi: 10.21125/iceri.2017.1948

Conference name: 10th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 16-18 November, 2017
Location: Seville, Spain

CULTURAL VALUES, SOCIAL SUPPORT, AND HAPPINESS: EXAMINING THE INFLUENCE OF GENDER

D. Donohue

Northern Arizona University (UNITED STATES)
People develop through life embedded within cultural contexts that influence their outcomes. How to promote optimal developmental outcomes, like happiness and life satisfaction, is increasingly being studied within the field of psychology as researchers shift their focus from a deficit paradigm toward one that is more positive.

Culture influences who people are, the way they behave, and how they interpret their own and others’ behavior. Kitayama and Markus (2000) suggest that comparing cultural values elucidates the hidden assumptions, premises, and narratives that influence people’s thoughts, feelings, and actions. There are several dimensions by which people’s cultural values are suggested to differ.

Some of these dimensions include:
1) Individualism: an orientation toward one’s own welfare,
2) Collectivism: an orientation toward the welfare of the larger community, and
3) Familism: an orientation toward one’s family (Gaines et al., 1997).

The purpose of this research was to examine how self-reported happiness was influenced by participants’ cultural values, social support, and interactions among these predictors, and how these relationships differed depending on participants’ self-reported gender.

For males, multiple regression analyses indicated that collectivism (β= .19, p < .05), familism (β= .36, p < .00), and social support satisfaction (β= .37, p < .00) were significant predictors of happiness. Moreover, interactions between social support and individualism (β= .-.28, p < .01) and social support and collectivism (β= .37, p < .00) were found.

For females, multiple regressions indicated only main effects of collectivism (β= .36, p < .00), familism (β= .16, p < .02), and social support satisfaction (β= .15, p < .02) on their self-reported happiness. The differing patterns between genders and implications of these results are discussed.
@InProceedings{DONOHUE2017CUL,
author = {Donohue, D.},
title = {CULTURAL VALUES, SOCIAL SUPPORT, AND HAPPINESS: EXAMINING THE INFLUENCE OF GENDER},
series = {10th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation},
booktitle = {ICERI2017 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-697-6957-7},
issn = {2340-1095},
doi = {10.21125/iceri.2017.1948},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/iceri.2017.1948},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Seville, Spain},
month = {16-18 November, 2017},
year = {2017},
pages = {7281}}
TY - CONF
AU - D. Donohue
TI - CULTURAL VALUES, SOCIAL SUPPORT, AND HAPPINESS: EXAMINING THE INFLUENCE OF GENDER
SN - 978-84-697-6957-7/2340-1095
DO - 10.21125/iceri.2017.1948
PY - 2017
Y1 - 16-18 November, 2017
CI - Seville, Spain
JO - 10th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
JA - ICERI2017 Proceedings
SP - 7281
EP - 7281
ER -
D. Donohue (2017) CULTURAL VALUES, SOCIAL SUPPORT, AND HAPPINESS: EXAMINING THE INFLUENCE OF GENDER, ICERI2017 Proceedings, p. 7281.
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