A. Dłużniewska, K. Kuracki

The Maria Grzegorzewska Pedagogical University (POLAND)
Research indicates that families bringing up children with disabilities or destructive behaviors show a higher level of disorganization of family life than families of children with chronic diseases, even in cases of unfavorable prognosis (B. L. Baker and others 2003, V. B. Gupta 2007). This may be related to the qualitative and quantitative aspect of the medical, psychological and pedagogical services provided. For parents, the most frustrating situations may be the result of a sense of guilt caused by the birth of a child with a disability, lack of competence in dealing with its medical, developmental and then educational needs, embarrassment due to the interest that the behavior or appearance of the child causes, the need to rely on the recommendations of specialists. The above factors may influence on the self-image formation as an incompetent parent (T.S. Hartshorne 2002).
The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between parents’ well-being and destructive behavior of their child with disability.
The research group consisted of sixty parents of preschool children with disabilities and comparative group of parents of children with proper development.Two tools were used for the study: Trute, B., Hiebert-Murphy, D. (2005). Parenting Morale Index, Snarr, J. D., Slep, A. M. S., & Grande, V. P. (2009). Parent Cognition Scale. The first tool consists of 10 items and and serves to recognize the positive and negative feelings associated with being the parent of a child with disability. The second tool examines the parent's behavior and the child's reactions. The study was conducted in the correlation schema. The results of research indicates that exists a correlation between parents' well-being, their reactions and problematic behaviors of theirs child. There are also statistically significant differences in the group of parents bringing up children with special needs and in the group of parents bringing up children with proper development.