BULLYING: THE CIVIL LIABILITY OF THE EDUCATION INSTITUTION IN FIGHTING ITS OCCURRENCE AND MINIMIZING THE STUDENT’S EVASION
Universidade do Estado do Amazonas (BRAZIL)
About this paper:
Conference name: 9th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 14-16 November, 2016
Location: Seville, Spain
Bullying is a phenomenon that is present in the world and is an evil that devastates children and adolescents and, when it occurs in the student environment, can lead to evasion school. The word bullying is of English origin and is used to describe aggressive behaviors. In the school environment involves children, adolescents and also teachers. Acts of violence occur intentionally and repetitively, without giving specific reasons or justified in order to harm, intimidate and humiliate the victims. The stories of victims about name calling and physical aggression in schools has taken proportions without measures. Thus, the analysis shows a need to create awareness programs in schools, anti-bullying projects because, in practice, many parents and teachers are still unaware of their occurrence and even when aware that this evil is plaguing the school environment, they do not know what conduct to be adopted against the offender and his victim. Legally, these practices constitute unlawful acts for breaking the Dignity of the Human Person, each foundations of the Federative Republic of Brazil and international principle as the Declaration Universal Human Rights. In February 2016 came into force the Law No 13.185/2015, which established the Program to Combat Bullying Systematic. This law provides for the adoption of parts of schools, strategies and actions for effective prevention and combating bullying. The practice of such violence can bring a lot of damages because it shakes the psychological, it causes distress to the victim in a power relationship between those involved, hence the importance of adopting measures and alternative instruments for accountability and change offender behavior. The prevention is a legal duty and schools can be held accountable for omission or negligence when remains proved that its leaders did not adopt the measures appropriate to curb the practice of this form of aggression.
Identify measures to prevent such acts and their effectiveness; Check major preventive tools contained in Law No. 13.185/2015; and Analyze what Education institutions can do to prevent and combat bullying, protect victims and educate offenders to avoid recidivism.
Deductive and comparison with data collection technique in public schools and the private network in order to identify the growing number of cases of bullying in the school environment and what is being done after the enactment of Law No. 13.185/2015.
Bullying is a social phenomenon of great importance, and worsens when the cause school leaving. His practice destabilizes the psychology of the victim and it causes pain and distress, requiring punishment and socioeducation to the aggressor in order to avoid the relationship of imbalance of power between the parties involved. The anti-bullying prevention campaigns, as through awareness and prevention of aggressive behavior among children and adolescents and in those situations involving teachers and students in both one and the other can be the aggressor or the victim, are needed to prevent future attacks and school dropouts. The practice of bullying in the school environment can blame the aggressor, the parents and educators for damages, so prevention and dialogue may present as a way to avoid many instances.
Keywords: Bullying, school environment, evasion, accountability.