THE ARTISTIC AND SCIENTIFIC VISION: MEETING POINTS IN VISUAL LANGUAGE
1 Universidad Internacional de la Rioja (SPAIN)
2 Universidad Complutense de Madrid (SPAIN)
3 Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (SPAIN)
About this paper:
Conference name: 16th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 7-8 March, 2022
Location: Online Conference
Abstract:At university, there are studies that, despite transmitting different knowledge, go through similar processes, usually related to the ideation of an artwork or design product. Therefore, this project seeks to enhance the existing synergies between students and teachers belonging to the Higher Technical School of Industrial Engineering and Design of the Polytechnic University of Madrid, to the Faculty of Fine Arts of the Complutense University of Madrid, and to the International University of La Rioja. Art and science to a greater or lesser extent have created synergies since Classical Antiquity and we consider that both fields have important union points that can be highlighted from the academic training.
The research is focused on the first academic years, where art and science deal with a common visual language in the process of creation. Fine art students will draw to outline a sketch for a painting or establish a study for a still life or landscape. Design students will also need freehand sketching to start a project as a first approach to the future product. Both students, even if they belong to different studies will go through a drawing process, but the way they use to express their ideas can be different. This is the starting point of the research, analyzing the way lines, textures, planes, color, and light are applied in their studies. Apart from two-dimension representation they also can deal with three dimensions through sculpture. But it is not only about students, but also about teachers. Each field of knowledge requires some points to be highlighted, so they will establish some preferences in their proposals. Even though many learning codes are common to one another and essential in the basic student academic formation, we compare and look for similarities and differences in the students’ works after bringing industrial design students to fine art workshops and proposing industrial design exercise to fine art students. Even though students apply teachers concepts it is also beneficial to enhance the expressive capacity of the student and to establish multiple connections between languages.
Also, through sculpture workshop, students from engineering in industrial design try out a different way of dealing with three dimensions. These students are accustomed to face three dimensions through computers or 3d software to represent products. An approach to the application of these skills is also studied in online studies to see how new technologies can also favor expressiveness and representation, regardless of the medium used for their learning.
This gaze towards the “other”, from fine arts to industrial design and vice versa seeks aesthetics from the functional vision and functionality from aesthetics becoming an important complement as well as a new stimulus for students. Therefore, from the great harmony between these different fields of knowledge, our main objective has been to research the visual freehand sketching language in an artistic, industrial, or digital design work as a thought process. Fine art students search for expressivity, freshness, spontaneity, concepts that will favor a specific way of drawing. Instead, designer students look for accuracy, marked lines, dimensions, proportions, and geometric representation. Different approaches learned by their teachers, but with this experience they will have a different way of watching and expressing themselves through their drawings.
Keywords: Arts, Visual Language, Scientific Vision.