About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 3425-3434
Publication year: 2014
ISBN: 978-84-616-8412-0
ISSN: 2340-1079

Conference name: 8th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 10-12 March, 2014
Location: Valencia, Spain

VARIOUS CONCEPTUALIZATIONS OF THE PREDICTION OF STUDENT APPROACHES TO LEARNING BY PERSONALITY, MOTIVATION AND COURSE EXPERIENCE: A TEST OF COMPETING MODELS VIA STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELLING

P. Davidson1, S. Roslan2, Z. Omar2, M. Chong-Abdullah2, S.Y. Looi1, T.T.X. Neik3, B. Yong2, H.C. Teoh2

1Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (MALAYSIA)
2Universiti Putra Malaysia (MALAYSIA)
3SEGi University (MALAYSIA)
While there has been some degree of conceptualization of the interrelationships among student approaches to learning (SAL), personality, motivation and course experience (CE), there is little empirical research on a combination of all these constructs together and lesser still on tests of alternative conceptualizations. Two Science course groups of 340 Malaysian science pre-university students each were studied, of which 284 students were common. Using Structural Equation Modelling, this study tested five structural models testing the inter-relationships among student approaches to learning (SAL), personality (Openness, Neuroticism and Conscientiousness), intrinsic motivation and course experience (Workload Appropriateness, Assessment for Understanding, Clear Goals and Standards, Teaching for Understanding).

The models hypothesized that SAL was predicted
(i) directly by personality, motivation and CE (Model 1);
(ii) directly by CE, indirectly by personality and motivation through CE (Model 2);
(iii) directly by CE and motivation, indirectly by personality through CE (Model 3);
(iv) directly by CE and personality, indirectly by motivation through CE (Model 4);
(v) directly and indirectly by personality, motivation and CE (Model 5).

Model testing was done based on data from all 340 students per course and the 284 students common to both courses. Results indicated that Model 1 had the best fit for both Chemistry and Mathematics in all samples tested. For both courses (n = 340), SAL was predicted significantly by Intrinsic Motivation, Assessment for Understanding and Workload Appropriateness. For Mathematics only, SAL was additionally and significantly predicted by Openness, Clear Goals and Standards and Conscientiousness. However, the repeated measures sample (n = 284) for both courses showed that personality did not predict SAL significantly. This study supports the view that SAL is predicted directly by personality, motivation and CE. It also highlights the importance of considering between-subject differences and sample size across differing studies in future work required to cross-validate the model tested and interrelationships estimated in this study.
@InProceedings{DAVIDSON2014VAR,
author = {Davidson, P. and Roslan, S. and Omar, Z. and Chong-Abdullah, M. and Looi, S.Y. and Neik, T.T.X. and Yong, B. and Teoh, H.C.},
title = {VARIOUS CONCEPTUALIZATIONS OF THE PREDICTION OF STUDENT APPROACHES TO LEARNING BY PERSONALITY, MOTIVATION AND COURSE EXPERIENCE: A TEST OF COMPETING MODELS VIA STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELLING},
series = {8th International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2014 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-616-8412-0},
issn = {2340-1079},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {10-12 March, 2014},
year = {2014},
pages = {3425-3434}}
TY - CONF
AU - P. Davidson AU - S. Roslan AU - Z. Omar AU - M. Chong-Abdullah AU - S.Y. Looi AU - T.T.X. Neik AU - B. Yong AU - H.C. Teoh
TI - VARIOUS CONCEPTUALIZATIONS OF THE PREDICTION OF STUDENT APPROACHES TO LEARNING BY PERSONALITY, MOTIVATION AND COURSE EXPERIENCE: A TEST OF COMPETING MODELS VIA STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELLING
SN - 978-84-616-8412-0/2340-1079
PY - 2014
Y1 - 10-12 March, 2014
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 8th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2014 Proceedings
SP - 3425
EP - 3434
ER -
P. Davidson, S. Roslan, Z. Omar, M. Chong-Abdullah, S.Y. Looi, T.T.X. Neik, B. Yong, H.C. Teoh (2014) VARIOUS CONCEPTUALIZATIONS OF THE PREDICTION OF STUDENT APPROACHES TO LEARNING BY PERSONALITY, MOTIVATION AND COURSE EXPERIENCE: A TEST OF COMPETING MODELS VIA STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELLING, INTED2014 Proceedings, pp. 3425-3434.
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