About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 1591-1610
Publication year: 2011
ISBN: 978-84-615-3324-4
ISSN: 2340-1095

Conference name: 4th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 14-16 November, 2011
Location: Madrid, Spain

DETERMINANTS OF THE PRODUCTION OF RESEARCH BY U.S. UNIVERSITIES

Q. David

University of Luxembourg (LUXEMBOURG)
In this paper, we analyze the determinants of the production of academic research by higher education institutions in the U.S.. We use four measures of the production of top level academic research: number of Nobel Prizes, of Highly cited researchers, of articles published in "Nature" and "Science" and of papers indexed in the Science Citation Index.
We use robust estimators as it appears that it is important to account for the presence of outliers, in both dimensions (x and y axes), among institutions in the US and that most of the top ranked institutions must be considered as outliers. We also treat the endogeneity issue and test for the possible selection bias.
We find that the income, the share of this income devoted to expenses for research and the number of professors very significantly increase the ability of an institution to produce top level academic research. More surprisingly, we show that the relationship between the average quality (salary) of professors and the production of research is U-shaped with a significant share of institutions located on the decreasing part of the curve. This suggests that institutions should either offer high wages or (relatively) low ones. Offering “standard” wages (the average) would, according to our findings, reduce the production of top level academic research.
@InProceedings{DAVID2011DET,
author = {David, Q.},
title = {DETERMINANTS OF THE PRODUCTION OF RESEARCH BY U.S. UNIVERSITIES},
series = {4th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation},
booktitle = {ICERI2011 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-615-3324-4},
issn = {2340-1095},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Madrid, Spain},
month = {14-16 November, 2011},
year = {2011},
pages = {1591-1610}}
TY - CONF
AU - Q. David
TI - DETERMINANTS OF THE PRODUCTION OF RESEARCH BY U.S. UNIVERSITIES
SN - 978-84-615-3324-4/2340-1095
PY - 2011
Y1 - 14-16 November, 2011
CI - Madrid, Spain
JO - 4th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
JA - ICERI2011 Proceedings
SP - 1591
EP - 1610
ER -
Q. David (2011) DETERMINANTS OF THE PRODUCTION OF RESEARCH BY U.S. UNIVERSITIES, ICERI2011 Proceedings, pp. 1591-1610.
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