EXTENSION OF THE “6-3-5 TECHNIQUE” FOR INCORPORATING CREATIVITY, INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP COMPETENCES IN HIGHER EDUCATION
Method 635 is a specific form of brainwriting (Rohrbach 1969). It aims solving brainstorming problems like a creativity barriers as consequence of interpersonal conflicts or cultural status differences existing among the group members (VanGundy 1984).
The basic procedure underlying Method 635 is that six people develop and write down three ideas within a defined timeframe of five minutes before passing their ideas to the neighbor. In the next step each team member has to evolve ideas based on the ones given through her/his predecessor. This can happen by modification of existing ideas or developing even new ideas inspired by the given ones. This procedure is continued until each team member receives his initial sheet of ideas, which should happen after five rounds considering 6 participants.
This paper presents the 6-3-5 extended technique. The initial technique has been extended in order to incorporate some key aspects related to innovation and creativity competences with the objective of being useful to assess the transversal competence of creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship. This is one of the competences identified by the Universitat Politècnica de València to be incorporated into curricula of students.
Steps and findings:
1) Identification of the problem to be solved.
2) Application of the basic technique of 6-3-5. This step is developed by groups along 30 minutes.
3) Selection of ideas. This step is individually developed along 15 minutes. Each student has a sheet with 18 ideas. These ideas are individually reviewed and five ideas are selected for each student according to different criteria.
4) Selection of ideas by groups. The six students of each group share their proposal of ideas selected and they reach an agreement and select top five ideas.
5) Action Plan. Finally based on the criteria defined in the group, one of the ideas will be implemented, so the group proposes an action plan for implementing the selected idea.
6) Analysis of value. It indicates the value of the proposed innovation.
7) Debate. Pooling and sharing main ideas and difficulties encountered.
635 and extended 635 steps. Rationale and relationships:
Step 1: Description: Problem Identification. Competence tackled: Seeking opportunities, Creativity
Step 2: Description: 6-3-5 technique. Competence tackled: Ideas Generation, Creativity
Step 3: Description: Individual Idea selection. Competence tackled: Critical Thinking
Step 4: Description: Team Idea selection. Competence tackled: Critical Thinking, Team Work
Step 5: Description: Action Plan. Competence tackled: Entrepreneurship
Step 6: Description: Value analysis. Competence tackled: Innovation
Step 7: Description: Debate. Competence tackled; Team Work, Effective Communication
This research has been carried out under the project of innovation and educational improvement (PIME/A15) 'DAICE – Design of activities for the Innovation, Creativity and Entrepreneurship Competence’ funded by the Universitat Politècnica de València, the School of Computer Science and the School of Industrial Engineering.