LEARNING THROUGH ACTIVE AND MULTI-LEVEL METHODOLOGY

P. Cruz-García1, J. Fernández de Guevara1, B. García-Cárceles1, A. Marín1, R. Martí2, J. Villagrasa3

1University of Valencia, Faculty of Economics (SPAIN)
2IES Cid Campeador of Valencia (SPAIN)
3EDEM Centro Universitario (SPAIN)
Following an active and multi-level methodology, this article presents an interactive teaching activity on the monetary policies and strategies carried out by the European Central Bank (ECB). With this, we seek to adapt the teaching to a practical and professional context, presenting real situations that allow the student to better understand the effect, that different measures adopted by the ECB, can have on day-to-day aspects such as the interest rate, mortgages, installment purchase, etc. In a relative vein, and thanks to its multi-level orientation, our paper aims to achieve a greater connection between the different educational levels, specifically between the secondary and the university level.

For a correct and proper performance of this activity, in the first place, the interactive game must be implemented in a secondary school as part of the basic training program between teacher-student; consequently, in a second place, the activity must be replicated in a university context.

The results shown by this activity reveal how the active methodology (which is based on interactive, participative and self-directed learning) benefits the learning carried out by the students who better understand the theoretical concepts explained in class and are surer of their acquired knowledge. Likewise, the paper shows how a combination of different educational levels (specifically, the secondary and university levels) might generate a greater motivation in high school students who observe, in this activity, an opportunity to get closer to the university world and understand the importance of acquiring different basic concepts that will be very useful in the future.