About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 9695-9698
Publication year: 2018
ISBN: 978-84-09-02709-5
ISSN: 2340-1117
doi: 10.21125/edulearn.2018.2323

Conference name: 10th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
Dates: 2-4 July, 2018
Location: Palma, Spain

WHAT DO TEACHER TRAINING STUDENTS THINK ABOUT COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINES?

M.V. Corell Domenech1, O. Mayoral García-Berlanga2

1Florida Universitària (SPAIN)
2Universitat de València (SPAIN)
Complementary and Alternative Medicines (CAM) are being questioned and analysed in Spain given the absence of hard scientific evidence to support them (MSPS, 2011). Despite this, the number of users of CAM is increasing (Muñoz & Lopera, 2014). The development of scientific competences and the capacity to understand scientific knowledge and judge the reliability of information are two objectives of the Degrees in Pre-school and Primary School Education. Natural Science Teaching has demonstrated that socio-scientific issues offer an interesting debate to learn concepts and develop critical thinking (Kolsto, 2001; Torres & Solves, 2012; Zeidler, Sadler, Applebaum & Callahan, 2009). In order to approach CAM as a socio-scientific issue in a future teaching proposal, we have studied the perceptions and attitudes that teacher training students have about these medicines and their arguments.

We designed a research in two stages. First, a questionnaire including three open questions (meaning of CAM, motivation to use them and the differences with conventional medicine) was carried out. 209 students with an average age of 27 years and mainly females (85%) answered the questions. A qualitative and quantitative analysis was accomplished with the software T-Lab. The second part of the research was done with four focus groups with seven students each; we posed questions to the groups based on the CAM Health Belief Questionnaire (CHBQ) (Lie & Boker, 2004).

The results show that students are favourable to CAM because these therapies deal with the emotional needs of the patient and their remedies are “natural”. Students think that conventional doctors don’t pay attention to emotions. Students consider CAM as a remedy of illnesses as anxiety, depression and muscular problems caused by stress due to actual lifestyle. Other misconceptions we found are related to the role of scientific medicine in society and the word “chemical” as being synonymous to conventional drugs that cause undesirable secondary effects. We suggest the inclusion of CAM in future teaching proposals as a socio-scientific issue to improve students’ scientific literacy.

References:
[1] Kolsto, S. D. (2001). Scientific literacy for citizenship: tools for dealing with the science dimension of controversial socioscientific issues. Science education, 85, 291-310.
[2] Lie, D. & Boker, J. (2004). Development and validation of the CAM Health Belief Questionnaire (CHBQ) and CAM use and attitudes amongst medical students. BMC, Complemetary and Alternative medicine, 7(25). doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-7-25
[3] MSPSI (Ministerio de Sanidad, Política Social e Igualdad) (2011). Análisis de situación de las terapias naturales. Madrid: MSPSI. (https://goo.gl/Cjb6ku) (2017-08-27).
[4] Muñoz& Lopera (2014). La Percepción Social de la Ciencia. Claves para la Cultura Científica. Madrid: La Catarata.
[5] Torres, N. V. & Solbes, J. (2016). Contribuciones de una intervención didáctica usando cuestiones sociocientificas para desarrollar el pensamiento crítico. Enseñanza de las ciencias, 34(2), 43-65.
[6] Zeidler, D. L., Sadler, T. D., Applebaum, S. & Callahan, B. (2009). Advancing reflective judegment through socioscietific issues. Journal of Research in Science Teaching (46)1, 74-101.
@InProceedings{CORELLDOMENECH2018WHA,
author = {Corell Domenech, M.V. and Mayoral Garc{\'{i}}a-Berlanga, O.},
title = {WHAT DO TEACHER TRAINING STUDENTS THINK ABOUT COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINES?},
series = {10th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies},
booktitle = {EDULEARN18 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-09-02709-5},
issn = {2340-1117},
doi = {10.21125/edulearn.2018.2323},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/edulearn.2018.2323},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Palma, Spain},
month = {2-4 July, 2018},
year = {2018},
pages = {9695-9698}}
TY - CONF
AU - M.V. Corell Domenech AU - O. Mayoral García-Berlanga
TI - WHAT DO TEACHER TRAINING STUDENTS THINK ABOUT COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINES?
SN - 978-84-09-02709-5/2340-1117
DO - 10.21125/edulearn.2018.2323
PY - 2018
Y1 - 2-4 July, 2018
CI - Palma, Spain
JO - 10th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
JA - EDULEARN18 Proceedings
SP - 9695
EP - 9698
ER -
M.V. Corell Domenech, O. Mayoral García-Berlanga (2018) WHAT DO TEACHER TRAINING STUDENTS THINK ABOUT COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINES?, EDULEARN18 Proceedings, pp. 9695-9698.
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