About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 6429-6436
Publication year: 2011
ISBN: 978-84-614-7423-3
ISSN: 2340-1079

Conference name: 5th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 7-9 March, 2011
Location: Valencia, Spain

FIGHTING THE EXCLUSION IN PORTUGUESE HIGHER EDUCATION IN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE GLOBAL FINANCING CRISIS

L. Cerdeira, B. Cabrito, T. Patrocínio

Universidade de Lisboa (PORTUGAL)
In the last decades Portugal experienced a significant change regarding higher education admission and participation, as it passed from a little more than 24000 students in 1960/1961 to round 377000 students in 2007/2008. In broad terms, we can name as main factors the significant quantitative growth, the development of post-graduate education, the expansion of the higher education network to all the regions in the country, the implementation of a private education system and the concession of pedagogical-scientific, administrative and financing autonomy to the public higher education institutions.
Given this pressure and in the scope of cost-sharing, the several governments reflected upon the implementation of a policy of tuition fee application. Portugal has followed up the higher education funding policies in the scope of the international tendencies, mainly concerning cost-sharing. A cost-sharing policy has been identified for two last decades, by the introductions of tuition fees in public education and policies and the development of private education since the 1980s, changing the burden of the funding the Higher Education in the direction of the students and their families.
Nevertheless the government commitment in terms of financing higher education is decreasing during the last decade and in the framework of the international crisis it is decreasing even more. For many students and families it is becoming difficult to face the costs of Higher Education as well as the student living costs, especially with the impact of the global financial crisis.
The accessibility notion does not entirely give us the information whether students face or do not face financial barriers to attend HE. Subsequently, there is a concept – affordability – that concerns student ability to pay for their studies, that is, what we can call economical accessibility which means having the necessary resources that enable HE attendance.
The paper aims at introducing the Portuguese HE situation with focus on the financial and social support policies with an analysis of the recent evolution of student accessibility and affordability, comparing the costs of the students and the new grant and loan systems adopted recently.
@InProceedings{CERDEIRA2011FIG,
author = {Cerdeira, L. and Cabrito, B. and Patroc{\'{i}}nio, T.},
title = {FIGHTING THE EXCLUSION IN PORTUGUESE HIGHER EDUCATION IN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE GLOBAL FINANCING CRISIS},
series = {5th International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2011 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-614-7423-3},
issn = {2340-1079},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {7-9 March, 2011},
year = {2011},
pages = {6429-6436}}
TY - CONF
AU - L. Cerdeira AU - B. Cabrito AU - T. Patrocínio
TI - FIGHTING THE EXCLUSION IN PORTUGUESE HIGHER EDUCATION IN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE GLOBAL FINANCING CRISIS
SN - 978-84-614-7423-3/2340-1079
PY - 2011
Y1 - 7-9 March, 2011
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 5th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2011 Proceedings
SP - 6429
EP - 6436
ER -
L. Cerdeira, B. Cabrito, T. Patrocínio (2011) FIGHTING THE EXCLUSION IN PORTUGUESE HIGHER EDUCATION IN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE GLOBAL FINANCING CRISIS, INTED2011 Proceedings, pp. 6429-6436.
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