J.C. Caro Vives1, C. Tamez2, A. Lozano Rodríguez2

1Universidad El Bosque (COLOMBIA)
2Universidad Virtual del Tecnológico de Monterrey (MEXICO)
The vertiginous development of information technology and communications, have generated substantial changes in patterns of social behavior such as the environment. The context, society and human being as an individual, have undergone constant changes with the entry of new technological devices that fill everyday life. These developments have been generating favorable changes in varying degrees in society, due to the exponential growth of information technology and communication (ICT) market, which in few time has permeated different context of human development. This phenomenon is worth studying. It is not yet clear the kind of influence and impact of this large number of devices and systems in the processes of learning and skills development.

This work is part of the research: Models and innovations in teaching and learning, developed by the Technological Institute of Monterrey, and seeks to understand how university students use technology systems and appropriate them to their daily lives and how these influence the development of their skills as future citizens. Most of the literature on ICT applied to educational contexts it´s interested in knowing the uses and applications of technological means to develop contextualized formal learning processes, analyzing teaching resources and platforms that are usually arranged by the college and are applied specifically in the class environment.

This study was intended to guide the analysis of those resources of information management and technology-based communication that are commonly used by university students in their activities such as leisure, work, study and socializing, and particularly those who have no educational purposes, to identify new opportunities for action from formal education in the design, installation and implementation of information and communication systems, accordingly with youth´s current trends in front of technological appropriation, particularly on the development of citizenship competencies from the look of different authors, making a review of studies on the field, which have generally been considered from quantitative approach that in recent years have taken advantage of the benefits that offer the mixed and qualitative research focus.

The research was conducted with students of El Bosque University in Bogotá, applying research methods of mixed type in two stages: a qualitative through unstructured interviews with a group of eight students, and a second quantitative instrument applied through a questionnaire to 239 students from the Industrial Design degree. The sample was selected under the selective sampling for the first stage and quota sampling for the second, selecting participants from all semesters. Descriptive technique was selected for data collection using the tools of observation, open interviews for the first stage in order to identify the variables and categories that were used as input for the second stage using the structured questionnaire as an instrument. The capture and analysis were performed through transcription of the interviews, the use of the blog of work, the use of word processors, spreadsheets and the software used was Atlas TI.