M. Cárachová

University of Economics in Bratislava (SLOVAKIA)
Education has an irreplaceable role in human society. Like human society itself, education has gone through many stages of development that corresponded to the level and means of a particular era. One of the dominant features of today is certainly the use of information and communication technologies (ICT). Today we can talk about the information revolution. It is understandable that its impact is also applied in the area of education.

For the upcoming generation, it is already completely natural to work with information in electronic form. The Internet becomes the primary source of unlimited knowledge, it is enough to know how to work with the technologies. Their development is growing at an incredible pace. The future is most likely to be dominated by intelligent machines and systems that do the most work for man. Developing such technologies requires people with high-quality education. E-learning now enables students to engage fully in the learning process, to participate in simulations and tests as never before. E-learning reduces barriers to access to education, opens up the opportunities to educate a wide range of people, uses new technologies to achieve better access to education, provides the student with a greater control over his/her education. From a pedagogical point of view, e-learning is a combination of educational philosophy, a set of educational and learning strategies, and confidence in information and communication technologies as a means of mediating content. The philosophy of e-learning is not about providing information. It is aimed at the student and the emphasis is transferred from teaching to learning. Rather than being only information and content providers, eLearning lecturers should concentrate on encouraging students to become more active and apply their knowledge and not just reproduce it. Emphasis is placed on learning and students have more freedom to become responsible for their education.

The digital environment today offers lots of information and communication tools. The digital multimedia world also offers a person who is interested in the freedom of how to get to new knowledge. Working with information requires the student to think about learning strategies to avoid getting lost in the overflow of information in hypermedial form. Everyone has a different "trajectory" of education, it differs in the structure of knowledge, in motivation, and so on. The best thing is to learn something that you are very much interested to study. Individual interests and learning techniques are currently supported by a wide range of telecommunication-based education technologies.
The inflow of new technologies, however, raises the question of their effective use - does not the clever helper to achieve the goal become the goal itself?

The paper presents selected technologies that innovate and will continue to innovate learning processes in the upcoming years, whether it's e-learning, m-learning, the application of virtual and advanced reality, gamification, simulation and personalization. Personalized learning and a generally broad computerization of learning places the requirement on effective identity management - a simple yet safe solution.