Universidad Veracruzana (MEXICO)
About this paper:
Appears in: EDULEARN16 Proceedings
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 4104-4106
ISBN: 978-84-608-8860-4
ISSN: 2340-1117
doi: 10.21125/edulearn.2016.1995
Conference name: 8th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
Dates: 4-6 July, 2016
Location: Barcelona, Spain
Introduction. People with Down syndrome have a variety of medical complications and odontostomatological specific characteristics. Many of these features can be directly related to oral health and quality of life of the affected child. The mouth has an important role within what is a complete overall health since; when the mouth through the digestive system and access through chewing is done through the teeth you can feed people to get the right energy in our daily lives. The cause that gives rise to Down syndrome or trisomy 21, also known as the problem resides on chromosome 21. All cells in the body at its core carry 23 pairs of chromosomes ie 46 chromosomes. At work the most frequent oral characteristics experienced by children with Down syndrome and analyze each child to provide timely diagnosis of their oral problems and prevent future dental problems are identified.

Objective. Describe the most frequent oral characteristics of children with Down syndrome.

Methodology. A descriptive, cross-sectional observational study on the most common oral, dental and occlusal manifestations of children with Down syndrome was made. The study was conducted in complement with the foundation Rihe B.C. located in the Town of Totutla, Veracruz, voluntarily and without any financial compensation and support gave us the opportunity to study 40 children of patients who are treated at the Foundation.

Results. In this group of patients it described a lower prevalence of dental caries lesions and a higher frequency of periodontal diseases with special reference to periodontal disease with an earlier start and an aggressive character. They found were: macroglossia; Gingival arch; Bad dental occlusion (Class III); Late eruption; Dental caries; the microdontia and the presence of conical teeth in one place. They are similar to those presented in many articles related to Down syndrome

Conclusions. Most children with Down Syndrome Foundation of A.C. Rihe of the town and municipality of Totutla, Veracruz have at least one oral pathology. Preventive measures and clinical actions are proposed to improve oral health conditions and quality of life of patients with this disease.

Recommendations. Children with Down syndrome have the same rights as normal children, therefore, these patients can be treated at the dental office normally but with special approach techniques, special criteria, specialized personnel, and properly motivated.
Down syndrome, child, oral health.