UNDERGRADUATES NURSING STUDENTS´ PERCEPTION ABOUT PRACTICUM II-III

I. Cala, A. Ríos, T. Macías, T. Mariscal, C. Castro, M.J. Abellán

Facultad de Enfermería y Fisioterapia de Jerez (SPAIN)
Introduction and Objectives: This study reports the process of the implementation of Practicum II and Practicum III, which includes clinical practice and workshop, and receiving feedback from nursing students. The purpose of this study was to analyze the degree of satisfaction by the students and to compare the degree of learning perceived by them in two different Faculties: Faculty of Nursing (Algeciras) and Faculty of Nursing and Physiotherapy (Jerez).

Material and methods:
Design: Cross-sectional descriptive study.
Sample: Due to voluntary participation a convenience sampling was used, n= 42: Campus Algeciras. Campus Jerez: 43.

Variables analyzed:
Variable V5: Values in a comprehensive manner and identifies the needs/problems of women's health during the pregnancy-puerperal cycle normal and pathological, as well as those relating to reproductive health.
Variable V8: Plans and performs nursing interventions to meet the needs, prevent and/or correct the problems of health, as well as evaluates the care plans executed by women during the pregnancy-puerperal cycle normal and pathological, as well as those relating to reproductive health.
Variable V11: Performs the nursing activities arising from the diagnostic measures and/or therapeutic prescribed to women during the pregnancy – puerperal cycle normal and pathological, as well as those relating to reproductive health.
Variable quantification: 1=Minimum, 5=Maximum.
Instrument: To determine their perceptions about the experience that we conducted through an anonymous self-administered questionnaire.

Data Analysis: Statistical descriptive analysis was performed using Excel 2007.

Results:
Perceived degree of:
Variable V5: Campus Algeciras: Average: 4.00 and Standard deviation: 16.648
Campus Jerez: Average: 3.42 and Standard deviation: 16.648
Variable V8: Campus Algeciras: Average: 3.90 and Standard deviation: 16.042
Campus Jerez: Average: 3.33 and Standard deviation: 16.042
Variable V11: Campus Algeciras: Average: 4.26 and Standard deviation: 13.688
Campus Jerez: Average: 3.68 and Standard deviation: 13.688

There were statistically significant differences between the two groups about the satisfaction of one workshop related to the pregnancy-puerperal cycle of women in which Algeciras students show greater satisfaction.

Conclusions: Students show high satisfaction with the learning outcomes achieved in the Practicum II-III, with only small differences in a workshop related to the pregnancy-puerperal cycle of women.