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Appears in:
Pages: 4233-4240
Publication year: 2018
ISBN: 978-84-697-9480-7
ISSN: 2340-1079
doi: 10.21125/inted.2018.0082

Conference name: 12th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 5-7 March, 2018
Location: Valencia, Spain

EXPANSION, DEMOCRATIZATION AND ELITISM OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN PORTUGAL: 1995-2015

B. Cabrito1, L. Cerdeira1, L. Machado2, J. Patrocinio1

1University of Lisbon, Institute of Education (PORTUGAL)
2University of Porto (PORTUGAL)
The role that higher education plays in democratization and the development of a country, justifies a deep acknowledge about its evolution and structure. On the other hand, a definition of public policies of education, requires that governments know that evolution, due to the greater number of criteria. In Portugal, the work of government agencies to provide numbers on higher education in the country has been notable, with regard to the number of students enrolled, as well as the number of 1st and 2nd cycles of higher education graduates, doctoral students and PhD graduates by scientific area in last decades. These figures testify to the enormous effort the country has been making to approximate the actual Portuguese rates of schooling to homologous rates in the more developed countries, in particular those of its partners in the European Union.

However, a criterion for the analysis of Portuguese higher education has been forgotten in official research and allows knowledge about the process of democratization/elitisation of higher education: the social and economic origin of the student population as well as the costs that students are forced to carry out to study - costs associated to the enrollment and attendance of higher education and living costs. For this reason, the authors have been investigating this reality since the mid-1990s by applying a questionnaire to a representative sample of public and private Portuguese higher education students. This application has already 4 editions: 1994/95, 2005/06, 2010/11, 2015/16.

The homologous data collected in the four editions of the questionnaire application are compared, aiming a better understanding of the dimension of the process of democratization of higher education in the country. From the analysis of the data coming from the 4 studies, it was concluded that higher education in Portugal, instead of democratizing and universalizing, seems to become increasingly a teaching for the elites.
@InProceedings{CABRITO2018EXP,
author = {Cabrito, B. and Cerdeira, L. and Machado, L. and Patrocinio, J.},
title = {EXPANSION, DEMOCRATIZATION AND ELITISM OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN PORTUGAL: 1995-2015},
series = {12th International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2018 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-697-9480-7},
issn = {2340-1079},
doi = {10.21125/inted.2018.0082},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/inted.2018.0082},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {5-7 March, 2018},
year = {2018},
pages = {4233-4240}}
TY - CONF
AU - B. Cabrito AU - L. Cerdeira AU - L. Machado AU - J. Patrocinio
TI - EXPANSION, DEMOCRATIZATION AND ELITISM OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN PORTUGAL: 1995-2015
SN - 978-84-697-9480-7/2340-1079
DO - 10.21125/inted.2018.0082
PY - 2018
Y1 - 5-7 March, 2018
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 12th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2018 Proceedings
SP - 4233
EP - 4240
ER -
B. Cabrito, L. Cerdeira, L. Machado, J. Patrocinio (2018) EXPANSION, DEMOCRATIZATION AND ELITISM OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN PORTUGAL: 1995-2015, INTED2018 Proceedings, pp. 4233-4240.
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