UNDERSTANDING CHILDREN AT THE BEGINNING OF SCHOOL ATTENDANCE AS A CHALLENGE FOR INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
Matej Bel University in Banská Bystrica (SLOVAKIA)
These days, children live through their childhood in a different way than they parents used to do. Present time brings many changes, but also new issues. In some cases, these issues are not entirely new, but are seen during education from a different perspective and many of them fall into the category of special education needs. Some children appear to be just as undisciplined, impulsive, unable to concentrate, recluse, or rather overly expansive or aggressive as children used to be in the past. Expanding the knowledge of other sciences and many disciplines influences also the way of categorizing children's behavior in the education environment. Nowadays, children usually live in a materially very well equipped environment, have plenty of possibilities to develop, but lot of their activities are managed by their parents. A child experiences less spontaneous, offhand, non-structured, "non-technical" activities, which mean less free movement, free games and free activities. Less opportunities for a natural way of acquiring and improving one's skills. According to Lemešová (2010) it is up to the teacher to correctly decode the message sent by the child, to identify child's current need based on child's expression. Based on the above, the teacher needs to look for the cause if a child acts aggressively, in a recluse way, or if a child struggles to keep the pace during drawing with other children. In her study, the authoress points out the importance of understanding children at the beginning of the school attendance and in line with the principles of inclusive education.
The study is an output of the VEGA project No. 1/0598/15 titled Children At The Threshold Of Education And Their World, lead by the principal solver Prof. PhDr. Bronislava Kasáčová, CSc.
LEMEŠOVA, M. 2010. „Problémové dieťa v škole. In VALIHOROVÁ, M., KALISKÁ, L. (eds.) Zdravá škola. Banská Bystrica : Univerzita Mateja Bela, 2010, p. 366 - 370. ISBN 978-80-557-0111-0.