APPROACHES FOR 3D-VISUALIZATIONS AND KNOWLEDGE WORLDS FOR EXPLORATORY LEARNING

D. Burkhardt, C. Stab, K. Nazemi, M. Breyer, D.W. Fellner

Fraunhofer Institute for Computer Graphics Research (GERMANY)
Graphical knowledge representations open promising perspectives to support the explorative learning on web. 2D-visualization are recently evaluated as gainful knowledge exploration systems, whereas 3D-visualization systems did not find their way into web-based explorative learning.
3D-visualizations or “Knowledge Worlds” comprise a high degree of authenticity, because the used metaphors are known by the users from the real world. But different challenges like the usage of 3D-Knowledge World without losing the learning context and the focused learning goals are rarely investigated and considered. New technologies provide the opportunity to introduce 3D-visualizations and environments on web to support a web-based explorative learning. Therefore it is necessary to investigate the prospects of 3D-visualization for transferring and adopting knowledge on web.
The following paper describes different approaches to use 3D-visualization and Knowledge Worlds for conveying knowledge on web-based systems using web-based contents. First of all a short summary of existing approaches will be given, which try to convey knowledge by using 3D-metaphors. A survey of developed 3D-visualizations for knowledge exploration within semantically annotated content will show new ways and opportunities to explore and convey knowledge. Whereas only pure graphic-based systems will be described, which are developed in the context of a German research project. In contrast to 3D-visualization the so called 3D-Knowledge Worlds will be presented and described with their potential for constructivist and exploratory learning approaches. The paper will conclude with a summary of existing techniques in contrast to the developed ones to show the community the potential of the state-of-the-art systems in a kind of survey.