1 Southern Federal University (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)
2 Moscow State University of Psychology and Education (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)
About this paper:
Appears in: EDULEARN20 Proceedings
Publication year: 2020
Pages: 3669-3675
ISBN: 978-84-09-17979-4
ISSN: 2340-1117
doi: 10.21125/edulearn.2020.1014
Conference name: 12th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
Dates: 6-7 July, 2020
Location: Online Conference
The aim of the research was to study the gender differences in assessments of the socio-psychological climate by high school students. We tried to identify how the assessments of the emotional atmosphere of high school students with different gender identities differ. The study involved high school students (15-17 years old) of a secondary school in Rostov-on-Don with a total of 113 people. The following methods were used: Bem Sex Role Inventory, Methodology for Assessing the Psychological Atmosphere in the Team by A. Fiedler. The following results were obtained. In all classes, high school students were divided into three types of identity, with the androgynous type of gender identity dominating. Assessments of both positive and negative emotional atmosphere are associated with the characteristics of the types of gender identity of high school students: the highest assessments of positive and negative emotional atmosphere are given by high school students with androgynous gender identity and the highest assessments of negative atmosphere are given by high school students with masculine gender identity. Masculine adolescents, more often than feminine and androgynous, assessed the atmosphere in the group as negative. They assessed higher the characteristics associated with the productivity of interaction and success, rather than the quality of relationships: trust, warmth, etc. High school students with androgynous and feminine gender identities were more oriented towards a positive assessment of such important characteristics for an emotional atmosphere as cooperation, friendliness, warmth, and consent. Androgynous and feminine adolescents more often than masculine adolescents assessed the indicators of the emotional atmosphere associated with friendliness, cooperation, and warmth of interaction. Thus, the obtained data broadens the idea of gender differences in assessing the socio-psychological climate in groups and teams and can be used in the practical work of psychologists aimed at optimizing various parameters of the socio-psychological climate.
School students, socio-psychological climate, gender identity.