EXPECTATIONS OF THE FUTURE PHYSIOTHERAPIST IN THE USE OF MUSIC: AN EXPERIENCE OF TRAINING, INNOVATION AND RESEARCH
The use of music in physiotherapeutic rehabilitation is becoming more common every day. From the Faculty of Physiotherapy of the University of Valencia, there are many academic courses in which a musical subject has been included in the Degree Curriculum: “Music Therapy”. This subject has been redirected from a more theoretical perspective to an approach where musical movement and the use of certain small percussion musical instruments, in order to show the usefulness and applicability for the physiotherapist not trained as an instrumentalist or as a professional music therapist. Thus, since the 2016/2017 academic year, different Teaching Innovation Projects financed by the University of Valencia have been developed, aimed at ensuring greater practicality and knowledge of the different musical resources available to the graduate in Physiotherapy. In this document, the OBJECTIVES pursued during the realization of the different innovative projects are reflected: to musically train the future physiotherapist so that they can borrow certain musical processes adapted to their physiotherapeutic needs and show the relevance of the adaptation of musical processes to guarantee a better physiotherapeutic intervention. Thus, in this document, attention will be focused on the implications that such training may have had on students: their expectations regarding the use of these resources and their vision on the inclusion of this type of musical training in their Physiotherapy studies. At a METHODOLOGICAL level, in the classroom, practical experiential moments were developed (from the Dalcrozian methodology) to personally experience the bodily and expressive implications of the different musical processes, role-playing with students' proposals related to the previous experiments was carried out and the psychophysiological implications of musical practice (validated questionnaires related to the psychological effects of music and its characteriology). The RESULTS of the different projects developed showed how the students attached special importance to the use of music, going beyond listening, focusing on synchronization and coordination with different musical elements (tempo, rhythm, beat ...), and understanding this resource as necessary to guarantee greater neuronal connectivity that favours a more global improvement of the patient in rehabilitation.