MUSICAL PHYSIOTHERAPY IN OLDER PEOPLE: INNOVATING IN THE UNIVERSITY CLASSROOM
From the Faculty of Physiotherapy, Interdisciplinary Teaching Innovation Projects have been promoted, understanding the different musical elements as favouring the physiotherapy process. In this sense, the Project “Musical practices in the physiotherapy rehabilitation of older people: from the university classroom to the senior centre” (UV-SFPIE_RMD18-839813) was the culmination of other previous ones: “Training in Movement+Music adapted to the needs of the physiotherapist” (UV-SFPEI_RMD16-417654) and “The Vocal Technique in physiotherapy training: adaptations from the Music Therapy class of the Physiotherapy Degree” (UV-SFPIE_RMD17-787086).
The aim was to: analyze and evaluate music-physiotherapy proposals with patients, teachers and students sharing space; understand rhythm as a direct expression of physical life; and to know its rehabilitative function.
It was worked at a theoretical-practical level from the personal experience of each student; later, the students' proposals were developed (role-playing); and, finally, these activities were worked with older patients, with the presence of physical therapists. Different tools for data collection were developed: musical and physiotherapeutic data questionnaires for each proposal, individual questions for the participants, and questions for a discussion group with all the participants.
They can be organized into three blocks: information so that teachers can readjust university teaching practice; information so that students can understand the usefulness of the proposed practices; information for the older patient to understand the benefits of some alternative therapeutic approaches.
The implementation of this type of music-physiotherapy projects shows how specific transversal competences can be developed, without missing interesting music-therapeutic and training connections.