About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 7297-7302
Publication year: 2017
ISBN: 978-84-697-6957-7
ISSN: 2340-1095
doi: 10.21125/iceri.2017.1961

Conference name: 10th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 16-18 November, 2017
Location: Seville, Spain

DO CHARACTER STRENGTHS PREDICT HOW WELL MILITARY CADETS SUCCEED DURING THEIR BACHELOR’S PROGRAM?

H. Bang1, O. Boe2, F.A. Nilsen3, D.E. Eilertsen1

1University of Oslo (NORWAY)
2Norwegian Defense University College (NORWAY)
3The Norwegian Military Academy (NORWAY)
Problem statement:
The Norwegian Military Academy (NMA) aims at educating and developing highly skilled military officers through its Bachelor programs. Prior studies have indicated that twelve character strengths are particularly important for succeeding as a military officer. How important are these character strengths for how the cadets perform academically and physically during the Bachelor’s programs at the NMA?

Purpose of the study:
To examine to what extent the twelve character strengths predict how well military cadets succeed during their Bachelor programs, and if character strengths outperform mental intelligence as predictor of cadet performance.

Methods:
The cadets’ character strengths were measured with an observational instrument (OBSCIF) filled out by peer cadets at the end of a combat fatigue exercise. The cadets’ performance was measured by physical tests and grades from different courses of the Bachelor programs. Mental intelligence was measured as a general ability score, based on a combined measure of the performance on three tests: Arithmetic, Word Similarities and Figures. Analyses included partial correlations between the twelve character strengths and cadet performance indicators, controlling for intelligence.

Results:
Eleven out of twelve character strengths – Leadership, Perspective, Courage, Self-regulation, Integrity, Creativity, Love of learning, Persistence, Teamwork, Social intelligence, and Open-mindedness – correlated moderately to strongly with how the cadets performed either academically or physically, even when controlling for intelligence. The character strength Fairness did not correlate significantly with any of the performance criteria.

Conclusion:
Character strengths seem to be important predictors for how well military cadets succeed during their Bachelor’s programs, and they outperform mental intelligence as predictors of cadet performance. Military education programs should consider selecting cadets characterized by certain character strengths, and aim at further developing these character strengths during the education.
@InProceedings{BANG2017DOC,
author = {Bang, H. and Boe, O. and Nilsen, F.A. and Eilertsen, D.E.},
title = {DO CHARACTER STRENGTHS PREDICT HOW WELL MILITARY CADETS SUCCEED DURING THEIR BACHELOR’S PROGRAM?},
series = {10th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation},
booktitle = {ICERI2017 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-697-6957-7},
issn = {2340-1095},
doi = {10.21125/iceri.2017.1961},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/iceri.2017.1961},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Seville, Spain},
month = {16-18 November, 2017},
year = {2017},
pages = {7297-7302}}
TY - CONF
AU - H. Bang AU - O. Boe AU - F.A. Nilsen AU - D.E. Eilertsen
TI - DO CHARACTER STRENGTHS PREDICT HOW WELL MILITARY CADETS SUCCEED DURING THEIR BACHELOR’S PROGRAM?
SN - 978-84-697-6957-7/2340-1095
DO - 10.21125/iceri.2017.1961
PY - 2017
Y1 - 16-18 November, 2017
CI - Seville, Spain
JO - 10th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
JA - ICERI2017 Proceedings
SP - 7297
EP - 7302
ER -
H. Bang, O. Boe, F.A. Nilsen, D.E. Eilertsen (2017) DO CHARACTER STRENGTHS PREDICT HOW WELL MILITARY CADETS SUCCEED DURING THEIR BACHELOR’S PROGRAM?, ICERI2017 Proceedings, pp. 7297-7302.
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