THE ARCHITECTURE OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN ALBANIA IN THE CONTEXT OF BOLOGNA PROCESS

S. Bana1, E. Canaj2

1University Ismail Qemali Vlore (ALBANIA)
2European University of Tirana (ALBANIA)
Higher education in the Republic of Albania is organized according to the rules and principles of the European Space of Higher Education. Albania very soon aspires to receive its candidate status at the European Union. Certainly, this overwhelming step requires consolidation of democracy, a thorough economic development, but also it makes obligatory the approach of the legislative framework in education toward European and international standards. The implementation of the Bologna Process in 2007 has facilitated thoroughly this process. The number of higher education institutions and the number of the study programmes increased firmly.
The aim of this study is to analyze the consolidation of the Bologna Process in Albania and what it does represent today, the structure of the higher education such as the state authority, responsible for the higher education in Republic of Albania, other higher education stakeholders in the higher education, the financial autonomy, the unjustified infringement of university autonomy, the academic titles, the quality of education, the research, mobility, the accreditation of universities and the external quality control and the boom of private universities in the Republic of Albania. It is true that in these years Albania has reached a standard access level comparable to that of other European countries, but however this country had to face a lot of challenges on higher education at all levels.