VALUE ORIENTATIONS OF FUTURE ENGINEERS IN THE CONTEXT OF PROFESSIONAL IDENTITY FORMATION
The reference direction of socio-economic development of modern Russia – modernization of the economy, which is inextricably connected with large-scale mastering and introduction of new technologies. Technological needs of economic modernization necessitates the formation of a new generation of engineering cadres. The problem of future engineers training is particularly acute for old industrial regions of the country in which the processes of reindustrialization of old technological modes branches combined with the emergence and development of innovative industrial clusters. Traditional and prospective demand for technicians generates different models of professional identification, differentiated indicators and quantifications of professional identity.
The article investigates the problems and contradictions of future engineers professional identification of large industrial region.
The methodological basis of the research were axiological, stratification and activity approaches.
The empirical base of the study were the results of the three stages of the students’s valuable orientations monitoring of Sverdlovsk region's leading universities (2009, 2012, 2016 years). The composition of the sampled population represented by the students of 2-3 courses of different areas of undergraduate training (humanitarian, socio-economic, natural-science and technology) has allowed to carry out a comparative analysis of the survey data, to identify common and special in axiological and professional consciousness of future engineers.
It was revealed that axiological and professional self-determination of future engineers is interrelated in mutual determination connection. In the structure of the terminal values attitudes on education and professionalism take reserve positions and have "deferred" manner. The significance of professional values in students of STEM - directions decreases from year to year. In the context of social identity, only 5% of students identifies himself with a particular professional group. Cohort-professional analysis showed the arrearage of professional self-determination process of technology training bachelors in comparison with students from other areas of training. Availability of technical education leads to low educational start of future engineers, which significantly narrows the possibility of professional self-determination. The low level of perception formedness of future engineers about their profession, weak and mostly a pragmatic interest in their specialty in a significant proportion of students projected on their professional plans - the unwillingness to work in the specialty after graduation. In the structure of the factors determining the difficulties in the search for work in technical specialty, students articulate discrepancy between the professional training level and requirements of employers in the regional labor market. Transition of technical education to level structure had a have a negative impact on the professional identity formation of those who are ready to join the ranks of modern engineers. In general, the state of the professional determination and extent of the professional identity of future engineers can be described as diffuse, characterized by the absence of specific, well-established professional goals, values and beliefs.