About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 3252-3255
Publication year: 2017
ISBN: 978-84-697-3777-4
ISSN: 2340-1117
doi: 10.21125/edulearn.2017.1692

Conference name: 9th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
Dates: 3-5 July, 2017
Location: Barcelona, Spain

PERCEIVED ADVANTAGES IN THE USE OF E-EXAMS – COMPARATIVE TAM-MODEL STUDY AMONG STUDENTS AND TEACHERS

H. Aramo-Immonen1, K. Liikamaa2, A.M. Felicetti1

1Tampere University of Technology (FINLAND)
2Turku University (FINLAND)
Exploratory survey about the transformation from traditional examinations to e-exams. This study was conducted among the higher education students and teachers in technical university and business school in Finland. We wanted to find out the perceived usefulness and ease-of-use of e-exam system among students and teachers. Furthermore, we wanted to compare the attitude and acceptance rate of students and teachers towards the new system. The research was conducted in the phase where there was still possibility to choose between traditional examination in lecture hall with pen and paper and novel electronic examination.

We used Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) from information technology theory [1]. The model suggests that when users are presented with a new technology (here e-examination), a number of factors influence their decision about how and when they will use it. TAM model [1] distinguishes perceived usefulness (PU) and perceived ease-of-use (PEOU).

In our study we assessed PU and PEOU among students in their studies and among teachers in their work. The four research arguments were:
(1) The PU among students; The degree to which a student believes that using an e-exam system would enhance his or her learning outcomes and students perceived advantages in education process.
(2) The PEOU among students; The degree to which a student believes that using an e-exam system would be free from effort.
(3) The PU among teachers; The degree to which a teacher believes that using an e-exam system would enhance his or her work performance.
(4) The PEOU among teachers; The degree to which a teacher believes that using an e-exam system would be free from effort.

In the conceptual part of the paper we discuss the acceptance of the new system based on self-efficacy theory [2] and cost-benefit paradigm from behavioral decision theory (Payne 1989). Finally, we introduce the statistical calculation based on TAM-model, and explain the result. We suggest further research ideas, such as comparative international study among Italian respondents and possible use of more advanced extended TAM models with external variables.


References:
[1] F. D. Davis, "Perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and user acceptance of information technology", MIS Quarterly, vol 13, no 3, pp. 319–340, 1989.
[2] A. Bandura, "Self-Efficacy Mechanism in Human Agency," American Psychologist, vol 37, no 2, pp. 122-14, 1982.
[3] J. W. Payne, "Contingent Decision Behavior," Psychological Bulletin, vol 92, no 2, pp. 382- 402,1982.
@InProceedings{ARAMOIMMONEN2017PER,
author = {Aramo-Immonen, H. and Liikamaa, K. and Felicetti, A.M.},
title = {PERCEIVED ADVANTAGES IN THE USE OF E-EXAMS – COMPARATIVE TAM-MODEL STUDY AMONG STUDENTS AND TEACHERS},
series = {9th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies},
booktitle = {EDULEARN17 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-697-3777-4},
issn = {2340-1117},
doi = {10.21125/edulearn.2017.1692},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/edulearn.2017.1692},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Barcelona, Spain},
month = {3-5 July, 2017},
year = {2017},
pages = {3252-3255}}
TY - CONF
AU - H. Aramo-Immonen AU - K. Liikamaa AU - A.M. Felicetti
TI - PERCEIVED ADVANTAGES IN THE USE OF E-EXAMS – COMPARATIVE TAM-MODEL STUDY AMONG STUDENTS AND TEACHERS
SN - 978-84-697-3777-4/2340-1117
DO - 10.21125/edulearn.2017.1692
PY - 2017
Y1 - 3-5 July, 2017
CI - Barcelona, Spain
JO - 9th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
JA - EDULEARN17 Proceedings
SP - 3252
EP - 3255
ER -
H. Aramo-Immonen, K. Liikamaa, A.M. Felicetti (2017) PERCEIVED ADVANTAGES IN THE USE OF E-EXAMS – COMPARATIVE TAM-MODEL STUDY AMONG STUDENTS AND TEACHERS, EDULEARN17 Proceedings, pp. 3252-3255.
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