About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 4071-4079
Publication year: 2009
ISBN: 978-84-612-7578-6
ISSN: 2340-1079

Conference name: 3rd International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 9-11 March, 2009
Location: Valencia, Spain

COLLABORATIVE ONLINE ANNOTATION OF MUSICAL SCORES FOR E-LEARNING USING A.NNOTATE.COM

C. Anagnostopoulou1, F. Howell2

1University of Athens (GREECE)
2Textensor Limited (UNITED KINGDOM)
In this paper we explore the use of a collaborative online annotation tool for enhanced teaching and research of music analysis in higher education. Manual annotation of printed scores on paper has long been the foundation of music analysis. However, collaboration between music analysts in different countries, and discussions on a specific piece under analysis has always been problematic. Moving the process online offers the possibility for sharing and discussion with a group of students or researchers; simpler publication; and a more permanent and readable record of analyses than is possible with paper methods.

A.nnotate.com is an online web2.0 service designed for discussing documents; it lets several people attach notes to highlighted text or figures to a single copy of document using a web browser. Scores can be uploaded in PDF format and annotated in a web browser with no software installation. New comments can be added by highlighting text or particular notes or phrases of the score. Tags / keywords can be added to comments to help classify particular musical phrases depending on the type of analysis. In this case these can be motivic (e.g. 'theme 1'), harmonic ('C minor'), structural ('section A'), paradigmatic ('class 1'), and many more. Other students can reply to any comment, allowing a detailed discussion to occur at a precise point in the score.

To investigate how online annotation can be used as an eLearning tool for teaching music analysis, we ran an analysis exercise using A.nnotate with a class of 16 undergraduate music students at the University of Athens. We created 4 groups of 4 students collaborating on the same score, and instructed them to annotate the primary motives and their transformed occurrences, as well as major key changes.

We found that the main benefits of online annotation were: ability for students to work together on a score without having to be in the same place; having a permanent and readable record of the analysis; an easier way for students to compare their work with analyses done by the lecturer and other groups of students, leading to more discussion; an enjoyable way for students to collaborate on a university assignment.



References: A.nnotate website, http://a.nnotate.com

@InProceedings{ANAGNOSTOPOULOU2009COL,
author = {Anagnostopoulou, C. and Howell, F.},
title = {COLLABORATIVE ONLINE ANNOTATION OF MUSICAL SCORES FOR E-LEARNING USING A.NNOTATE.COM },
series = {3rd International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2009 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-612-7578-6},
issn = {2340-1079},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {9-11 March, 2009},
year = {2009},
pages = {4071-4079}}
TY - CONF
AU - C. Anagnostopoulou AU - F. Howell
TI - COLLABORATIVE ONLINE ANNOTATION OF MUSICAL SCORES FOR E-LEARNING USING A.NNOTATE.COM
SN - 978-84-612-7578-6/2340-1079
PY - 2009
Y1 - 9-11 March, 2009
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 3rd International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2009 Proceedings
SP - 4071
EP - 4079
ER -
C. Anagnostopoulou, F. Howell (2009) COLLABORATIVE ONLINE ANNOTATION OF MUSICAL SCORES FOR E-LEARNING USING A.NNOTATE.COM , INTED2009 Proceedings, pp. 4071-4079.
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