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F. Al-Yaseen, S. Pattison

Newcastle University (UNITED KINGDOM)
Many researchers (e.g. Tegano et al. 1991, De Bono, 1995-2009-; Edwards and Springate, 1995, Duffy’s 1998, Torrance, 1998, Torrance, 2002; Jackson & Shaw 2005; Morris, 2006; De Bono, 2007; Kleiman, 2008; Kampylis et al (2008); Mcwlliam, 2008, Fisher, 2008) asserted that creative thinking is one of the most important types of thinking to consider in all educational aspects and levels, as it allows people to better meet the challenges and needs of a rapidly changing world, gives individuals the opportunity to develop their abilities to the maximum extent, prove their ability to think and communicate, express their feelings, and discover the value of things. This review looked at 11 studies to consider the preparation of primary student teachers toward creative thinking skills; the factors might encourage or discourage this type of thinking, and the elements to enhance it.
The educational system still follows the conventional methods which depend on memorizing and give the students the knowledge directly without giving them any chance to absorb and process the information to think creatively (Craft, 1999; Kaila, 2005; Eastaway, 2007, De Bono, 2009). The traditional strategies, particularly in Arabic Countries (TISS, 2007; Albergawi, 2010; Jarwan, 2009, Nophal, 2009; Saleh, 2011) assert the inflexible constructions that restrict the students engagement and enthusiasm force them to use a specific types of thinking skills such as ‘’recognition, memory, and logical reasoning’’ which in turn hinder the growth of creative thinking skills (Torrance, 1990, P. 2). Zhang (2002) study reach confirm in one of results that styles of the prevailing thinking among the students of one of U.S University connected to the analytic thinking in the absence of creative thinking.
This paper investigates how prepared student-teachers’ are for thinking creatively. It also aims to give the attention to teachers’ training to enhance their creative thinking skills and include it in their thinking and teaching approaches. Through a systematic review, literature from 2000, until the present, will be investigated in order to explore this area. This will involve searching electronic databases, Arabic searching sources and other search engines (Ethos, Google, Google Scholar, Questia). The objective of this is to bring into existence an investigative research following the systematic review. The review will be consisted of the relevant studies that will be identified, through the use of inclusion criteria then it will be examined and coded. This paper will begin with a background on the topic, including; two points first definitions and importance of creativity in educational field, second student teachers and creative thinking skills. The search procedures adopted in order to locate relevant article will be mention in the method section. The results, discussion, and recommendations from this systematic review will be point out through the conclusion.
Overall, it seems that there is a gap in terms of research that focuses on providing a comprehensive framework to prepare student teachers’ to think creatively and use their creative thinking skills effectively.