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Appears in:
Pages: 771-775
Publication year: 2015
ISBN: 978-84-608-2657-6
ISSN: 2340-1095

Conference name: 8th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 18-20 November, 2015
Location: Seville, Spain

EDUCATION FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH OF ELDERLY THROUGH THE USE OF LEISURE TIME CREATIVELY. A DIAGNOSTIC STUDY

D.I. Alvarez Tamayo, J. Cavazos Arroyo

Universidad Popular Autónoma del Estado de Puebla (MEXICO)
In Mexico exists more than 10 million of elderly with an annual growth of 3,8%. The projections indicate that the country is transforming and it is presenting a life expectancy of 76,4 years old (Consejo Nacional de Población, 2012).

Puebla is a medium size city and a large segment of the population in late adulthood stage has more of leisure time available than in other stages of life, however, the health quality decreases.

With the intention of motivating the elderly to spend their leisure time time creatively and improve their social life, it is necessary to make a diagnosis to know their perception, meanings, and practices regarding the use of their leisure time.

A quantitative study based on both the Precaution Adoption Process Model and Theory of Codes about everyone’s leisure time management has been applied to senior citizens in Puebla, Mexico.

This study reveals that the majority of respondents reported to agree (47.2%) to use their leisure time in activities that encourage creativity – STAGE 5, decided to act-, however 54% expressed willingness to invest only between 1 and 5 hours per week in this kind of activities. Despite the existence of institutions and nonprofit organizations that offer opportunities for leisure, recreation and / or development aimed for elderly, 40,9% of the respondents do not know the offer –STAGE 1, unaware of leisure time-. 17% of the respondents know about the topic but have decided not to act –STAGE 4-.

The respondents perceive some positive benefits in the use of their leisure time especially because it offers distraction, improved mood, improve mental alertness and human relationships –STAGES 2 unengaged, 3 undecided to act and 5 decided to act-.

The code analysis showed that considering age and gender there are no significant differences about practices and time spent on leisure activities. However, significant differences were found in perceived benefits by age (60-69, 70-79, 80-89) about physical ability (p=0.053) and bodily strength (p=0.006). Related to self-efficacy by age it was detected that among older, less able to find solutions to problems (p=0.001). Finally, by gender significant differences were found about self-efficacy. Women are more persistent than men to achieve goals (p = 0.009), have more confidence in handling unexpected events (p = 0.033) and have better management skills and resources in unexpected situations (p = 0.008)
The information obtained is useful to develop a persuasive communication campaign oriented to modify the leisure time practices and social lifestyle in elderly, through the promotion of activities that allow them improve their physical and psychological health.


Reference:
Consejo Nacional de Población. (2012). Indicadores demográficos básicos 1990-2030. From: http://www.conapo.gob.mx
@InProceedings{ALVAREZTAMAYO2015EDU,
author = {Alvarez Tamayo, D.I. and Cavazos Arroyo, J.},
title = {EDUCATION FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH OF ELDERLY THROUGH THE USE OF LEISURE TIME CREATIVELY. A DIAGNOSTIC STUDY},
series = {8th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation},
booktitle = {ICERI2015 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-608-2657-6},
issn = {2340-1095},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Seville, Spain},
month = {18-20 November, 2015},
year = {2015},
pages = {771-775}}
TY - CONF
AU - D.I. Alvarez Tamayo AU - J. Cavazos Arroyo
TI - EDUCATION FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH OF ELDERLY THROUGH THE USE OF LEISURE TIME CREATIVELY. A DIAGNOSTIC STUDY
SN - 978-84-608-2657-6/2340-1095
PY - 2015
Y1 - 18-20 November, 2015
CI - Seville, Spain
JO - 8th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
JA - ICERI2015 Proceedings
SP - 771
EP - 775
ER -
D.I. Alvarez Tamayo, J. Cavazos Arroyo (2015) EDUCATION FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH OF ELDERLY THROUGH THE USE OF LEISURE TIME CREATIVELY. A DIAGNOSTIC STUDY, ICERI2015 Proceedings, pp. 771-775.
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