THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNICATION AS A CONDITION FOR INCLUSION OF CHILDREN WITH AUTISM IN EDUCATION

S. Alekhina, E. Soldatenkova

Moscow State University of Psychology & Education (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)
The article presents a generalized description of the communication of children with autism, based on literature review and field research. Based on the literature review the authors identify some types of communicative development in children with autism, they also list the radicals of communication disorders. The article discusses the results of a field study to assess the level of formation of expressive and impressive communication in children with autism aged 3-9 years. A quantitative and qualitative assessment of the characteristics is described. The principles for development of communication in children with autism are highlighted. The authors give the recommendations for development of orientation in communicative material and for selection of ways of communication, such as speaking, writing, pictographic writing, pictures (photos), gestures etc, to develop the speech in children with autism. They define the conditions for inclusion of children with autism in education that described in terms of cultural-historical psychology and activity theory.