University of Almeria (SPAIN)
About this paper:
Appears in: INTED2022 Proceedings
Publication year: 2022
Pages: 7288-7295
ISBN: 978-84-09-37758-9
ISSN: 2340-1079
doi: 10.21125/inted.2022.1842
Conference name: 16th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 7-8 March, 2022
Location: Online Conference
The connectivity revolution has brought with it changes in educational models and teaching paradigms, as the introduction of the internet into everyday life has an impact on the ways in which socio-communicative and educational relationships are established in society. Through the changes that occur thanks to technology, different models of education are established that facilitate the way of learning and understanding different teachings and at all levels of education. As education 4.0 is based on the main trends of innovation and change. This is a revolution that focuses on 21st century skills, such as self-direction, self-assessment and teamwork. The aim is to help the learning 4.0 of our students. Since in Spain practically without exception all the university students have smartphone and given the usefulness of interactive response systems and telegram advantages. The aim of this work was to develop an application based on the telegram bot and to support university teaching as an interactive response system. This new Telegram bot has been developed and it was called ZquizUALbot 4.0. Telegram appeared as an alternative system to major instant messaging app in early 2014, emerged as a strong competitor against WhatsApp. It appeared as a multiplatform application, since in addition to being used in the mobile can be installed in Mac, Windows or Linux. It is a cloud-based system (allowing access to the application from different devices, mobile and desktop, with a single registered phone number and saving all multimedia content sent without limits) and open source, where messages sent through the application are encrypted. Telegram's website provides us with all the necessary information to know the operation of the application. Telegram code is open source, so anyone who wants it can access it. Telegram offers two kinds of APIs for developers: Bot API and Telegram API. In our application, called ZquizUALbot 4.0, we use the Bot API because it allows to easily create programs that use Telegram messages for an interface. To use this tool, students must have a smartphone and have the Telegram application installed. The teacher has previously registered them in the bot for the specific subject. And when the teacher deems it appropriate, during the class, either face-to-face or virtual, they can ask a question through the bot. The students receive a message that the teacher is asking them a question, and they are asked for a password to access the question. This key is generated for each question. The idea is that only those who are attentive to the teacher's explanation can answer, as it is of interest to know the answer of those present at the explanation. Once the students begin to answer, a statistic is generated with the answers, which are completely anonymous. This has the dual purpose of motivating the students during the explanation and reflecting on the correct answer once the teacher has answered it. This allows for complete feedback between teacher and student. And from the point of view of the use of new technologies, it is introducing the student to a world in constant technological evolution. It has been verified that student satisfaction with the tool is very satisfactory.
Telegram, bot, education 4.0, higher education, Innovation, smartphone.