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Appears in:
Pages: 6351-6358
Publication year: 2017
ISBN: 978-84-617-8491-2
ISSN: 2340-1079
doi: 10.21125/inted.2017.1471

Conference name: 11th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 6-8 March, 2017
Location: Valencia, Spain

BETWEEN-TEAMS COMPETITION TO DEVELOP THE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS’ TEAMWORK COMPETENCE: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY

This paper reports the results of an experimental study in which competitiveness and cooperation are employed to improve simultaneously teamwork and problem resolution of the university students. These abilities correspond to two basic generic competences in the students’ learning process, which become crucial in their future professional career. The main novelty of our pedagogical tool is the design of a classroom experiment in which students are adequately incentivized to make (individual) decisions with (real) consequences for all members of the same group/team. Teams often suffer from a free-rider problem with respect to individual contributions. Recently, literature of experimental economics shows that putting teams into competition with each other can mitigate this problem. On the other hand, experimental evidence also shows that social information that a member has about the degree of cooperativeness of the other members of the same team influences significantly on his/her level of contribution. In this study, we address both questions with a classroom experiment where members of a team decide how much money to assign to a team account. The total contribution of the team determines its chances of winning a contest (a prize) with another team. In the beginning of the experiment, students are ranked according to their willingness to contribute to a team account, elicited from an initial contribution decision. Then, we form homogeneous teams of three members with similar cooperative preferences. The competition between teams is introduced in such a way that the team with the highest total cooperation level competes with the second-level team, the third-level team compete with the forth-level, and so on. Therefore, we examine the benefit from competition for cooperative behaviour with homogeneous teams which compete with another similar team. Our experimental results provide support for a significant increase in the average cooperation level when between-team competition exists. Moreover, the teams with a lower cooperation level respond to competition doggedly, by contributing more money compared to their behaviour with no competition.
@InProceedings{ALBAFERNANDEZ2017BET,
author = {Alba-Fern{\'{a}}ndez, M.V. and Jimenez-Jimenez, F. and Horno-Bueno, M.P. and Martinez-Jimenez, R. and Oya-Lechuga, A.},
title = {BETWEEN-TEAMS COMPETITION TO DEVELOP THE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS’ TEAMWORK COMPETENCE: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY},
series = {11th International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2017 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-617-8491-2},
issn = {2340-1079},
doi = {10.21125/inted.2017.1471},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/inted.2017.1471},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {6-8 March, 2017},
year = {2017},
pages = {6351-6358}}
TY - CONF
AU - M.V. Alba-Fernández AU - F. Jimenez-Jimenez AU - M.P. Horno-Bueno AU - R. Martinez-Jimenez AU - A. Oya-Lechuga
TI - BETWEEN-TEAMS COMPETITION TO DEVELOP THE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS’ TEAMWORK COMPETENCE: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY
SN - 978-84-617-8491-2/2340-1079
DO - 10.21125/inted.2017.1471
PY - 2017
Y1 - 6-8 March, 2017
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 11th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2017 Proceedings
SP - 6351
EP - 6358
ER -
M.V. Alba-Fernández, F. Jimenez-Jimenez, M.P. Horno-Bueno, R. Martinez-Jimenez, A. Oya-Lechuga (2017) BETWEEN-TEAMS COMPETITION TO DEVELOP THE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS’ TEAMWORK COMPETENCE: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY, INTED2017 Proceedings, pp. 6351-6358.
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