T. Akin, Y.K. Usluel

Hacettepe University (TURKEY)
The aim of this study is to investigate the preservice teachers’ adoption process of the applications of qr codes in scope of their perceptions of usefulness and ease of use with an implementation of training on the qr code applications in the educational context. For this aim, a four-week course module was planned. At the beginning of the course, the preservice teachers were informed about the basics of the qr codes; then they were asked to prepare course content and to convert it into qr codes. The study group consisted of 65 preservice teachers studying at the department of Computer Education and Instructional Technology at a state university. Data were gathered by an 18-item adoption scale developed by the researchers. At pretest step, the scale was administered to the participants before the training and for the posttest it was conducted in the fourth week at the end of the training. Data were analyzed using paired-sample t-test in order to find out whether there existed a significant difference between their perceptions towards the usefulness and ease of use of its usage. The study revealed that there emerged a positive change in the perceptions of the participants in regard to the usefulness and ease of use of the qr codes in educational context with a significance value of 0.05. The findings indicated that while the process of adoption was investigated through the perception of usefulness and ease of use which have proved to be two basic constructs most scrutinized in relation to the acceptance, adoption and spread of the technology, it was also recommended that besides demonstrating the perceptions via self-reports, these perceptions could be improved with appropriate educational activities. Thus, it can be suggested that in those of studies on the adoption of innovations, exemplifying how they can be utilized for the educational purposes can enable the individuals adopt them with much ease.