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PSYCHOLOGY IN THE SERVICE OF LINGUISTIC METHODS: NLP TECHNIQUES IN TEACHING RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

L. Akhmerova, E. Palekha, J. Kapralova

Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)
The article deals with the role of the method of Natural Language Processing (NLP) in teaching foreign languages in general and Russian as a second language in particular. Authors consider the origin and the history of application of the above mentioned psychological method in foreign language teaching practice, noting that it corresponds to the expansionism principle of contemporary humanitarian paradigm. The article proposes the survey of various foreign language teaching methods in accordance with a particular methodological paradigm – structural, functional or interactive. In the latter case the method of NLP is of particular importance because it aims at the expansion of the activation of students’ personal backup capabilities thanks to the immersion in the foreign language environment and the use of different access keys. The article offers the comparative analysis of various NLP techniques used in the process of teaching Russian as a second language depending on different parameters (the aspect of teaching, the students’ level, psychological peculiarities of the target audience etc.). Authors give examples from the practice of the NLP techniques application. It is concluded that the method of NLP can widen the teacher’s methodical fund as a means of the enhancing of students’ sustained positive motivation.