About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 5543-5552
Publication year: 2016
ISBN: 978-84-608-5617-7
ISSN: 2340-1079
doi: 10.21125/inted.2016.0330

Conference name: 10th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 7-9 March, 2016
Location: Valencia, Spain

THE IMPACT OF WORKING CONDITIONS ON FEMALE TEACHERS’ PERFORMANCE IN PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES OF KARACHI

R.R. Ahmed1, J. Vveinhardt2, N. Ahmad3, H. Sadiq1

1Indus University (PAKISTAN)
2Vytautas Magnus University (LITHUANIA)
3PAF-KIET (PAKISTAN)
Purpose:
The purpose of this research is to identify those factors that can impact the female teachers performance in private universities of Karachi. The objective of this research is to identify the working environment; workload, late working hours and harassment create hurdles on women teachers’ performance in private universities of Karachi.

Research Design & Methodology:
The research design, which we use, is descriptive research design because we determine the association between the dependent and independent variables. Our independent variables are working hours, workload and harassment; these are the causes that can be controlled or changed. The research explores the impact of these variables on female teachers performance. A structured questionnaire is designed to collect 200-sample size from four different private universities in Karachi. The sample of 50 respondents was collected from each university. The SPSS was used for data analysis. The research design of study was quantitative in nature and data was analyzed through regression and correlation analysis.

Results and finding:
The results of the study concluded that the overall working environments of universities have a significant impact on the performance of female teachers (since p<0.05 & t=4.81). Other variables i.e. workload (p<0.05 & t=2.49), working hour (p<0.05 & t=3.88) and female harassment (p<0.05 & t=2.73) have significant impacts on female teachers performance too. Therefore, it is finally concluded that non-conducive working environment, unjustified working hours, excessive workload and sexual harassment create a negative impact on women employee performance in private universities of Karachi. It can also create hurdles on their career development and also impact the women teachers’ performance.

Recommendations:
On the basis of results, it is recommended to the private universities that it is a sole responsibility of university that conducive working environment, justified workload, reasonable working hours and harassment free environment should be provided to the female teachers in order to utilize their optimal performance. Organization should make polices related to the working hours and harassment for females. So, in this way female teachers can perform well and both individuals and universities can be benefited in a long-term.
@InProceedings{AHMED2016IMP,
author = {Ahmed, R.R. and Vveinhardt, J. and Ahmad, N. and Sadiq, H.},
title = {THE IMPACT OF WORKING CONDITIONS ON FEMALE TEACHERS’ PERFORMANCE IN PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES OF KARACHI},
series = {10th International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2016 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-608-5617-7},
issn = {2340-1079},
doi = {10.21125/inted.2016.0330},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/inted.2016.0330},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {7-9 March, 2016},
year = {2016},
pages = {5543-5552}}
TY - CONF
AU - R.R. Ahmed AU - J. Vveinhardt AU - N. Ahmad AU - H. Sadiq
TI - THE IMPACT OF WORKING CONDITIONS ON FEMALE TEACHERS’ PERFORMANCE IN PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES OF KARACHI
SN - 978-84-608-5617-7/2340-1079
DO - 10.21125/inted.2016.0330
PY - 2016
Y1 - 7-9 March, 2016
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 10th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2016 Proceedings
SP - 5543
EP - 5552
ER -
R.R. Ahmed, J. Vveinhardt, N. Ahmad, H. Sadiq (2016) THE IMPACT OF WORKING CONDITIONS ON FEMALE TEACHERS’ PERFORMANCE IN PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES OF KARACHI, INTED2016 Proceedings, pp. 5543-5552.
User:
Pass: