1 Universitas Lambung Mangkurat (INDONESIA)
2 University College Fairview Malaysia (MALAYSIA)
About this paper:
Appears in: EDULEARN22 Proceedings
Publication year: 2022
Pages: 7824-7834
ISBN: 978-84-09-42484-9
ISSN: 2340-1117
doi: 10.21125/edulearn.2022.1827
Conference name: 14th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
Dates: 4-6 July, 2022
Location: Palma, Spain
Skills in society 5.0 must be developed in the young generation. The unskilled young generation will be unable to compete and have the potential to become an unskilled society. According to the 2019 Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), Indonesia ranked 68 out of 74 countries with an average score of 396 in science ability and 379 in mathematic ability. According to observation and interviews with 425 elementary school teachers in South Borneo Indonesia, less than 20% of teachers design learning skills based on society 5.0. Like critical thinking, creative thinking and innovation, logical thinking, analytical thinking, problem-solving, collaboration, and social skills. Innovative, interesting, and effective learning models are required to overcome this problem and promote students to have society 5.0 skills. The innovative learning model is given the acronym GAWI MANUNTUNG, which stands for Group, Analysis, Work together, Inform, Solve the problem on outdoor, Actualization of the solution, Battle games, Unity on role play, Manage conclusion and Invent the creation. This is an innovative learning model inspired by a combination of learning models problem-based learning (Barrows and Tamblyn), project-based learning (John Dewey), outdoor learning (Neill), role-playing (Gary Gaygax), and teams games tournament (Slavin).

The GAWI MANUNTUNG model was designed based on the motto of the local wisdom of the people of South Borneo Indonesia. GAWI MANUNTUNG means working hard until you get quality results. This study described the improvement of society 5.0 skills using the GAWI MANUNTUNG learning method for fifth-grade students of Public Elementary School.

This is Research and Development (R&D) mixed with the classroom action research method. The R&D uses the type 4D (define, design, develop and disseminate) and the classroom action research used to know the increase of students society 5.0 skills with 5 cycles that involve planning learning activities, implementing learning models, observing, and reflecting learning. The subjects include 50 students of fifth grade Karang Mekar 1 Banjarmasin elementary school South Kalimantan Indonesia. Importantly, the research variables include critical thinking, creative thinking and innovation, logical thinking, analytical thinking, problem-solving, collaboration, and social skills. The tests and non-test techniques were used to collect data on students’ society 5.0 skills which were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively.

The results showed that quality evaluation of the learning model by 5 experts was at a very good level (X= 4.67) (SD = 0.13), which means that the learning model GAWI MANUNTUNG is valid, reliable, and feasible to be implemented. There was an increase in society 5.0 skills from the pre-cycle stage to cycle 5. The average score of critical thinking in the pre-cycle stage was 45 and increased to 88 in cycle 5, creative thinking and innovation increased from 26 to 87,5, logical thinking increased from 35 to 89, analytical thinking increased from 30 to 84, problem-solving increased from 25 to 87, collaboration increased from 50 to 90,5, and social skills increased from 50 to 95. This study concludes that the society 5.0 skills of students can be improved through the GAWI MANUNTUNG model
Learning model, GAWI MANUNTUNG, society 5.0 skills, elementary school.