EDUCATION: CONCEPT, PURPOSE, AND THE IMPORTANCE OF THE EDUCATIONAL LEVELS IN MEXICO
The social paradigms are in constant evolution and seemingly, imperceptible changes are occurring at unbelievable speed. The amount of information that an average person of the XXI century processes in a week is equivalent to the information that an individual from the XV century received in his whole life. Also, the technology changes and ends up in the obsolescence every couple of years according to the Moore algorithm and such changes affect the way a society interacts and the direction it follows.
The new generations are more aware of their existent in different dimensions, such a as the personal, social, intellectual, virtual and such, nevertheless all of this eventually has to conjugate and manifest in a proactive and professional person that education and academic formation has to nurture with the necessary capacities to live in this brave new world.
All of the above, in conjunction with the socio economic globalization demands the paralleled evolution of all the educational institutions that have the commitment to provide the necessary tool for their graduates, tools that will allows them to achieve optimum academic development until they are inserted in the in the professional field. However, it is mandatory to understand, that education is an enablement for liberation, and that it does not occurs by imposition, but by pure and sheer will, and that “no one can educate another person, no one can educate himself; human beings are educated together through interaction in the world” (Freire 1968). Is important to contemplate that in the act of education different factors take part, such as political, economic and social, that way is necessary to know what is education?, which is its purpose?, who decides what will be taught?, who has the roll of educator?, and which is the importance of the universities?
According to Hierro, (1994), the purpose of education, is to create a humanist cognitive consciousness and human beings capable to satisfy the State needs. To be able to achieve this purpose is important that the society finish the basic and middle level that allows them to get inserted at higher levels of education to become reflexive beings with a humanist sense. Therefore, each institution the creation of their own curricula according to the Needs of the State regulated by law. For the present article, the General Education Law (2014) is considered, for it allows us to visualize the requirements that society needs to accomplish for the State.
If the State has the duty to perform the act of education through the different public and private institutions, why is it so that we do not have a critical, analytical and humanitarian society? According to the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI) (2000), four hundred and three thousand high school students, of both genders, drop out each year. That´s why now the educational institutions are facing a great challenge; the preparation of students for their release into a world of constant changes and more competed each minute and where education has to be the way to liberation and to maintain the interest in it until this fundamental purpose of education is attained.