About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 7118-7127
Publication year: 2016
ISBN: 978-84-608-8860-4
ISSN: 2340-1117
doi: 10.21125/edulearn.2016.0554

Conference name: 8th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
Dates: 4-6 July, 2016
Location: Barcelona, Spain

INVESTIGATING DOMINANT TYPE OF ONLINE INSTRUCTOR SCAFFOLDING

S.N. Abdul Rabu1, B. Aris2, Z. Tasir2

1Universiti Sains Malaysia (MALAYSIA)
2Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (MALAYSIA)
The main goal of this study was to determine the types and frequencies of instructor scaffolding when directed at the individual level (one-to-one) versus the group level (one-to-many) and ultimately to identify the dominant type of instructor scaffolding provided at the individual and group levels. Thirty-one Faculty of Education undergraduate students enrolled in CD-ROM-based Multimedia Development course took part in the study within one semester. With the aim to stimulate students’ critical thinking engagement, the instructor scaffolded students’ learning at the group and individual level in solving three problem-solving scenario task assessments within an asynchronous online discussion forum environment. A qualitative content analysis was performed on the instructor scaffolding transcripts using thematic analysis, based on ‘unit of meaning’. Instructor scaffoldings were coded as either addressing the group or individual students and then were coded as either Technical, Content, Procedural or Metacognitive scaffolding. With a total of 1025 segments from 500 posts, the Metacognitive scaffolding was identified as the dominant type provided by the instructor at both the individual and group levels, followed by Content scaffolding, Procedural scaffolding and Technical scaffolding. The results of this study suggest that instructor tended to offer frequent positive or negative feedback and compliments in order to encourage and increase students’ participation, motivation and critical thinking engagement contributions. The results of the present study can be used as a guideline for designing scaffolding strategies in the context of asynchronous communication in guiding students' learning and thinking.
@InProceedings{ABDULRABU2016INV,
author = {Abdul Rabu, S.N. and Aris, B. and Tasir, Z.},
title = {INVESTIGATING DOMINANT TYPE OF ONLINE INSTRUCTOR SCAFFOLDING},
series = {8th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies},
booktitle = {EDULEARN16 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-608-8860-4},
issn = {2340-1117},
doi = {10.21125/edulearn.2016.0554},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/edulearn.2016.0554},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Barcelona, Spain},
month = {4-6 July, 2016},
year = {2016},
pages = {7118-7127}}
TY - CONF
AU - S.N. Abdul Rabu AU - B. Aris AU - Z. Tasir
TI - INVESTIGATING DOMINANT TYPE OF ONLINE INSTRUCTOR SCAFFOLDING
SN - 978-84-608-8860-4/2340-1117
DO - 10.21125/edulearn.2016.0554
PY - 2016
Y1 - 4-6 July, 2016
CI - Barcelona, Spain
JO - 8th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
JA - EDULEARN16 Proceedings
SP - 7118
EP - 7127
ER -
S.N. Abdul Rabu, B. Aris, Z. Tasir (2016) INVESTIGATING DOMINANT TYPE OF ONLINE INSTRUCTOR SCAFFOLDING, EDULEARN16 Proceedings, pp. 7118-7127.
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