COMPARISON OF ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT ORIENTATION, CREATIVE LEADERSHIP, AND COLLABORATIVE SCHOOL CULTURE BASED ON TYPES OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN SELANGOR, MALAYSIA
This article reports the findings on academic achievement orientation, creative leadership, and collaborative school culture of three types secondary schools in Selangor state of Malaysia. The schools which are involved in this study are private schools (n=4), international schools (n=2), and daily government schools (n=3) with a total respondents of 158 teachers. The findings indicated that all the three types of secondary schools scored high level for academic achievement orientation as expected (mean ranges from 3.699 to 4.105). However, principals’ creative leadership practices scored moderate level among all three types of schools with mean ranges from 2.872 to 3.456. The findings also presented that private and government schools scored high level for collaborative school culture (mean = 3.758 and 3.829), while international schools scored moderate level (mean = 3.374). The findings from this study showed as evidence that academic achievement is becoming an important agenda at secondary schools level. Although creativity and innovation also were indicated as an important outcome in education system, yet school administrators moderately practice creative leadership as one of the main leadership style. Collaborative school culture was indicated as a common culture at both government and private schools but not at international schools. These interesting findings have several implications for current education system.